A Psychological Analysis Of Athletic Performance Slumps.

1192 words - 5 pages

There are very few people that can say they've gone through their entire athletic career without ever experiencing defeat. It is only natural to have days and events where you do not perform your best, but what happens when these "temporary losses of form" don't seem to disappear? When an athlete is going through a period of poor performance the media refers to it as a "slump". Each athlete's slump is unique, but they all involve a decline in the expected performance. There has been much debate over the causes and solutions to performance slumps. Where and when they occur is just as puzzling as why they occur. Although difficult to explain, perhaps the best way to combat slumps is to understand them better.In order to have a better understanding of slumps, it is necessary to define exactly what a slump is. Perhaps the best expression in regards to an athlete experiencing a slump is "having a monkey on your back." The athlete carries the slump like a weight that cannot seem to be lifted. There are some general characteristics that slumps seem to share. It would appear that slumps are unavoidable in competition overtime (Madden, Summers and Brown, 1990). Also, the cause for the change (deterioration) in performance is unknown/unclear (if it were evident then it could be rectified). Finally, every slump is unique and dependent on the individual athlete (Taylor 1991). A slump is "an unexplained decline in performance from a previously determined baseline level of a particular athlete that extends longer than would be unexpected from normal cyclic variation in performance in a given sport," (Taylor 1988). Now that a workable definition of the term slump has been defined it is possible to address the identification and the cause of performance slumps.To identify a slump the following criteria must be present. First, an average performance comparison must be calculated. The current performance level should be significantly less than the normal performance. Secondly, plot the normal ups and downs that should be expected in the athlete's performance. These "cyclic variations" are normal and must not be confused with slumps. Finally, the cause of decline should be unknown. If all three are present, then it is a true slump (Taylor 1991).Conflicting theories are put forward to the causes of performance slumps. First, is a psychological view, that sees the athlete's problem lies within his/her own mind. Second, is a physiological view, where the problem exists in the performance of the body. Probably the best way to look at slumps is they are a combination of the two.There may be many reasons or causes for a performance slumps, but almost all can be grouped into four categories. The first is the physical side, which may be difficult to diagnose. Fatigue from overtraining or over competing can cause problems. A second cause may be in the technical area. The athlete's technique for physically playing the sport can affect the performance and take time to...

Find Another Essay On A Psychological Analysis of Athletic Performance Slumps.

Analysis of a performance ritual, including bio

941 words - 4 pages In this analysis I will attempt to point out the similarities between theatre and rituals, and link my findings to our performance. I will also bring attention to the symbology that we decided to use and why it was important. The ritual that Alicia, Candy and I chose to portray was the burial of a time capsule."The word ritual comes from the Sanskrit rta, which refers to both 'art' and 'order'." (R Heinze pg 1), and it is defined by the Oxford

Psychological Analysis Of Rashoman

1306 words - 5 pages PSYCHOLOGICAL ANALYSIS OF RASHOMAN English 161, Chris Evans Submitted by Joe Rousseau Rashomon, by Ryunosaki Akutaguya provides great insight into the psychological discord that the Japanese culture was undergoing in the early part of the twentieth century. Japan was in the throes of a societal transformation, from a traditional, religious-based society, to a newly adopted weternized culture. Japan was rapidly assimilating industrial and

Poe's The Cask of Amontillado: A Psychological Analysis of Characters

1233 words - 5 pages Poe's The Cask of Amontillado: A Psychological Analysis of Characters Widely regarded as E. A. Poe's finest story, "The Cask of Amontillado" depicts a deed so horrific that for many it defines evil. Edmund Clarence Stedman said of Poe's writings: "He strove by a kind of divination to put his hand upon the links of mind and matter, and reach the hiding-places of the soul". Even though 20th century theories of psychology would not be

A Psychological Analysis of "Of Mice and Men"

1451 words - 6 pages The psychological approach views literature through the lens of psychology. There are multiple approaches to the psychological aspect of literature but the two most recognized are the Freudian and Jungian approach. The best approach to use when critically analyzing the novel Of Mice and Men, written by John Steinbeck, is the Jungian approach. Because the novel’s main theme is a struggle with the idea of “self”, using this approach allows the

A Psychological Analysis of Winnie the Pooh and His Friends

3328 words - 14 pages disorder. Conclusions: Although patient seems like a normal boy at first glance, he does show signs of a mental disorder. He can be easily diagnosed with schizophrenia since he is unable to differentiate between real life and his imaginary world. Although his toys are real, he hallucinates having experiences and adventures with them, a sure sign of a psychological disorder. Luckily, the patient does not have hallucinations about negative or

“Primal Fear”: A Psychological Analysis

624 words - 3 pages imply through Mr. Vail that one can never get ahead of oneself. Vail tried desperately to free a man he thought was innocent, only to discover the horrifying truth that he had freed a criminal. “Primal Fear’ is an excellent psychological thriller with many underlying themes. The creators of the film ingeniously placed hidden motivations within the main characters. By observing Aaron Stampler and Martin Vail, the audience can infer a lot about the

Psychological Analysis of The Matrix

2671 words - 11 pages throughout The Matrix trilogy. Perception is defined as the psychological phenomenon whereby information is selected, organized, and interpreted to form a mental representation of the world, Myers (2006). Perception occurs separately for everyone and although reality is difficult to define, in the film, perception is very clearly separated from the idea of reality. In reality, all members of The Matrix are suspended in pods, caught in an altered

Psychological Analysis of Coriolanus’s Downfall

1889 words - 8 pages a command over him, controlling his actions and inhibiting his growth. It is almost ironic that she becomes the hero after spending her life wanting this for her son. It is his downfall or failure to achieve this honor that makes Volumnia become the hero. “Hypermasculinity is a psychological term for the exaggeration of male stereotypical behavior, such as an emphasis on strength, aggression, body hair, odor, and virility.” As seen in Act 1

Analysis of Live performance

721 words - 3 pages This paper will concentrate on the analysis and the review of three major performances, Missa Mirabilis, Rhapsody on a Theme of Paganini, Op.43 and Dona Nobis Pacem. These pieces of performances are generally based on a religious setting of the several regions that the very detailed and are represented in a very organized way. To begin, Missa Mirabilis is a piece that was celebrated at the Westminster Cathedral for the feast of Corpus Christi on

The Scarlet Letter: A Psychological Analysis

776 words - 3 pages ~ The Scarlet Letter ~Psychological Analysis"I experienced a sensation...of burning heat; and as if the letter sere not of red cloth, but red-hot iron." These words in the introduction to The Scarlet Letter describe the letter as an object that contains power. The power left in the little red piece of cloth represents all the emotional toil that was associated with it - guilt, pain, betrayal, and vengeance. Throughout the novel the letter will

This is a psychological analysis of the mind of the average teenager

1748 words - 7 pages Teenage Rebellion: A Characteristic of the Average AdolescentTeenage rebellion is an observable fact among adolescents throughout the globe ranging from ages twelve to nineteen. It is in the life cycle of adolescence that teens begin to try to demonstrate their mature status and gain autonomy over their lives. The fact that teens are not yet adults often causes them to "act out" (engage in delinquent behavior) in order to show that they are

Similar Essays

The Effects Of Gatorade On Athletic Performance

725 words - 3 pages throughout the competition. Gatorade has been proven to reduce the risk of hyponatraemia, improve endurance performance if consumed during training or competition and it allows fast release of fluid to the tissue as well as rapid fluid absorption. Hyponatraemia is a disorder in fluid-electrolyte stability that results in an unusual low plasma sodium concentration. A continuous decrease in plasma sodium concentration upsets the osmotic balance

Psychological Analysis Of A Fictional Character

1452 words - 6 pages the benefits of applying psychological factors to analyze fictional characters. A Different Way of Writing The Things They Carried by Tim O’Brien is a short novel composed of twenty-two short stories told by the author himself. The stories are primarily about the Vietnam War but also heavily emphasize the importance of stories. The novel is an account of O’Brien’s life, yet it is not an autobiography. It is classified as fiction because not all

A Social Psychological Analysis Of Faceboook

1405 words - 6 pages stopped. One of the most dangerous social psychological processes represented in these Confession pages is that of the Fundamental Attribution Error. The underlying principle is perspective. We see what we want to see when we want to see it. As humans, there is this underlying need to believe in a just world. There is a want for these people who say that they have committed immoral acts or have had bad things happen to them to be bad people

The Use Of Ergogenic Compounds To Improve Athletic Performance

2507 words - 10 pages endurance. The use of drugs and other substances has persisted for nearly a century. Ergogenic aids are used to improve an athlete’s performance in as many ways as possible. This includes: § Physiological aids § Nutritional aids § Mechanical aids § Pharmacological/ hormonal aids § Psychological aids The purpose of all these different substances, training advantages is