Abigail Adams And How She Shaped The Role Of Women In American History

1731 words - 7 pages

Almost everyone’s heard of her, there have been numerous books written about her, several thousand letters accounted for that she wrote. She was also the wife of the second president and the mother to the sixth American president, who was this woman? She was Abigail Adams. Abigail Adams life didn’t acquire meaning solely from knowing and being around these two great men however, Adams was eminently worth knowing as an individual herself. Throughout the ages, women have always been involved in war but Abigail Adams brought a new concept to women and war with her involvement in the early colonial years and the American Revolution. Abigail Adams did many things in her lifetime but the questions I will be attempting to answer is how exactly did she impact the Revolutionary War and change the social roles of women in such a male dominated society.
First and foremost, some basic knowledge on the early years and the foundation of Adam’s life are imperative to the understanding of Abigail Adams and how she grew into becoming the women she did. Abigail Adams was born Abigail Smith in a church in Weymouth, Massachusetts on November 11, 1744. Adams’s parents were William Smith, a liberal Congregational minister and her mother Elizabeth Quincy was of a prominent political family at the time. Abigail was the second born of four siblings, one brother and three sisters, their family faith was Congregational. The Adams’s were an active family in throughout the community and involved in the politics of the time. A majority of Adams’s younger days consisted of corresponding with family and friends and reading. Her childhood and young adult life didn’t involve much singing, dancing or card playing as young women typically participated in during the time, as she was always quite a sickly child. Adams did however have access to her family’s extensive library that dated back to their old English ancestral roots. Therefore, although she had no formal education herself Abigail was well informed on philosophy, theology, the classics, ancient history, government and law, she especially enjoyed Shakespeare.
At the ripe young age of nineteen Abigail Smith became Abigail Adams when she married John Adams. Getting married at nineteen was the standard age for marriage at that time and their marriage was a great partnership approved by all. They wed in her Smith family home in Weymouth Massachusetts by her father, Reverend Smith. John Adams was a lawyer at the time and after the ceremony they drove off in a horse carriage to the Adam’s family cottage where they lived for the beginning time of their marriage. They later moved to Boston and lived in a series of rented homes before settling in their large farm “Peace field” in 1787 while John Adams was Minister to Great Britain.
From the time after the Adams settled on their farm, Abigail Adams began writing. Her letters were mostly to her husband John who was constantly away on business, along with to...

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