Abnormal Psychology Essay

1008 words - 4 pages

Abnormal psychology has progressed, changed and experienced controversy over the past 100 years that it has existed in its field of study. There are six core concepts in abnormal psychology that have remained the central field of study. The six core concepts in Abnormal Psychology are: The importance of context in defining and understanding abnormality. The continuum between normal and abnormal behavior. Cultural and historical relativism in defining and classifying abnormality. The advantages and limitations of diagnosis; the principle of multiple causality; and the connection between mind and body. So what is abnormal psychology? Abnormal psychology is a field of study devoted to the causes of mental dysfunction such as mental illnesses, psychopathology, maladjustment, emotional disturbance, and many other abnormalities. Abnormal behavior expressed because of a psychological can dysfunction can have features of deviance, depending on the culture, distress and possible injury to themselves or others. In the twentieth century, two opposing perspectives on the etiology of mental disorders developed somategenic (physical origins) and psychogenic (physical origins). Both produced significant research and treatment options.The history of abnormal psychology has come a long way from when it first started. There are many very interesting stories when you look back over time with abnormal psychology. There have been several different theories, ideas, principles, and thoughts about what abnormal psychology is. Many early societies had attributed abnormal behavior to evil spirits. Skulls have been found as long ago as the stone age (half a million years ago) with areas removed by a method of surgery that involved circular holes in the skulls with stones tools. Another method used to remove the evil spirits has been performed by priests and shamans called and exorcism.During the Greek and Roman period some symptoms of mental disorders were classified into terms such as melancholia, dementia, hysteria, and hallucinations. They were generally assumed to be the result of some physical problem within the individual. Hippocrates was considered to be the father of medicine and he referred to the brain pathologies as "humors" caused by yellow bile, black bile, and blood. Plato and Aristotle also believed that mental disturbances were generated from within the individual not from the influence of outside forces.With the Middle Ages the presence of Christian priests expanded across Europe. Deviant behavior or psychological dysfunction was viewed as created by the conflict of good and evil. The first Asylum was created in Spain. In London, Henry the VIII opened Bethelehem Hospital being used for lunatic asylums in general, and later for a scene of uproar and confusion.At the time of the French Revelation, Philippe Pinet, believed that people were sick and should be treated with kindness and care he became the Chief Physician for one of the asylums in Paris. At the...

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