Abortion Essay

1552 words - 7 pages

Utilise une phrase d’introduction avant la definition d’abortion. Abortion is the act to remove the embryo or the fetus from the mother's womb in order to end pregnancy. It is practiced by two techniques, medical abortion and surgical abortion. Medical abortion is the process of taking pills, and surgical abortion implies a surgery to remove the foetus (1). In the past, the availability of abortion would have never been guessed. Now, in Canada, abortion has been legalized since January 28th in 1988. The Supreme Court of Canada passed a law which states that abortion is possible during the nine months of pregnancy. Provinces decides on the regulations on how and when the abortion is be performed (2). However, abortion has always created controversy, because some think that it is cruel to kill an unborn life, while others think that it is a fundamental human right. Seeing both side of the issue, should abortion be allowed in today's society? In an kantian point of view, abortion has to be prohibited since the act to abort cannot be applied as an universal law. On the other hand, abortion would be permitted in an utilitarian viewpoint, because it maximizes the best outcome and increases happiness of everyone. I, personally, think that abortion is unethical due to the interpretation of the fetus as an object.
For someone that acts according to the ideology of Kant's ethic, it is impossible that one would agree on aborting an unborn human being. There are two principles of morality in Kantian Ethics; hypothetical imperative and categorical imperative. To begin, categorical imperative, means that morality determines the duties. In general, this imperative has two different formulations, but they similary end up with an idea in common, that is being against harming people. The first formulation consists of following the principle of the universal law to "act only on that maxim through which you can at the same time will that it should become a universal law". This law basically says that if one decides that it is right to act in a way, it will as well be ethical for everyone to act in the same way. Everyone should act according to the maxim when in the same situation. Therefore, the act itself has to be universal. When the theory of categorical imperative is applied to abortion, the maxim in this case is the act to abort. The woman who wish to abort must ask if every other women can also practice abortion when they are pregnant. The element that determines if abortion is ethically right or wrong is the conversion of the maxim into a universal law. It will be right if abortion can will that everyone would have access during pregnancy, but it will be morally wrong if it doesn't. However, the universal law suggests that every woman should have abortion and this statement is essentially bad. If all women practice abortion, there will no longer have reproduction. As a consequence, human being will extinct after a few generations, which means that abortion...

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