Equal Employment Laws
(Date of Submission)
The president of America in 1960s was expected all Americans to initiate the 14th amendment that would ensure equal protection of human rights. The three bodies which included the congress, the court and the president did as it was expected by many Americans. They initiated a debate that resulted to the affirmative law in the attempt to bring social benefit and justice. Affirmative action is a set of rule or public policy that was designed to eliminate present and past discrimination based on sex, gender, color, race, religion, or national origin. Civil rights programs were originally enacted to give rights to African Americans to become full citizens of America. Slavery was later made illegal in the thirteenth amendment. In the fourteenth amendment, citizens were ensured equal protection under the law. This amendment allowed all citizens regardless of the race to participate in voting. The blacks and all the citizens were ensured same rights in making and enforcing contracts by the civil right act of 1866, (Edley, 1996).
In 1896, American and African Americans were made equal by the decision of separate but equal doctrine, which marked the end civil war. This was the time when the law of Jim Crow had spread in South America. An order was later signed by the president in 1941 that renewed the hiring policies. This new law was enforced by Philip Randolph who was by then trade union leader of the black. The policy of nondiscrimination was enforced and sensitized by President Harry S. Truman in 1953. He succeeded in forming a constitutional committee on contracts offered by the government. Plessy v. Ferguson was overturned by a decision by the Supreme Court in 1954.
In 1961, the term “Affirmative Action” was first used by John F. Kennedy, who was by then the president of America. The federal contracts were required to take affirmative action. This would ensure that during employment, the contracts are deployed, and the all workers are treated equally regardless of the creed, color, race, or national origin. This was later emphasized by Lyndon in 1965 who also issued an executive order. This executive order accommodated affirmative action in 1967 still under Johnson Lyndon leadership. This affirmative action mostly favored women who by then were termed as a weak sex.
There are other laws that were later passed to ensure there was no discrimination in America. These laws included the civil right act of 1964. In this act, racial discrimination was forbidden in public accommodation. In addition, discrimination against sex and race were prohibited. The other act that followed after this act was the voting act of 1965. This act found that denying women right to vote was evil and violation of human rights. This finding of the congress made the act to be forbidden since it defiled the constitution. Unwanted preferences in addition to reverse discrimination...