American Abolitionism Essay

1767 words - 8 pages

Dr. Stanley Harrold is an American Historian of the 19th century. Harrold is a professor at South Carolina State University where he teaches history. Harrold is a well-known scholar that has written numerous informative books and journals. Harrold wrote American Abolitionists and it was published in the year 2001.
Harrold provides insight into worldwide slavery and abolitionist studies. Major themes are seen throughout all nine chapters such as, early abolitionists, rebellions, women abolitionists, the second great awakening, anti-slavery associations, the biracial characteristics of the movement, the civil war, emancipation, and the social and racial consciousness among races post war. This book was written to educated students that history changes over time, with new documents, new types of elucidation, and new social and racial understandings.
Harrold makes it clear that slavery existed in a broad variety of forms throughout the world since ancient times. In some early civilizations slaves served as domestic servants, concubines, wives, soldiers, teachers, and agricultural workers. Slaves were people of many races who lost their rights as a consequence of war or religious discrimination. As slavery declined in Europe bondage continued to prosper in Africa. During the fifteenth century “West African warfare and European expansion merged and a new brutal dehumanizing form of slavery came to existence” As a result of the trade between Africa and the Americas, slavery was part of a broader Atlantic system that developed into its antebellum form over time. African Americans endured the brutalities of the slavery and bondage for centuries and abolitionism did not emerge until the eighteenth century.
According to the textbook the Abolitionist movement was sparked by riots, revolts, and rebellions. In 1676 eight men fought with Nathaniel Bacon in a failed attempt to overthrow Virginia’s slaveholding land gentry. In 1712 in New York City about thirty-five enslaved Africans and American-Indians rioted. White enforcements abolished these riots and brutally convicted those that participated; in hopes of teaching others that this type of behavior would not be tolerated. Early slave rebellions helped influence some white Americans that it was better to progressively abolish slavery than continuously to experience uprisings.
According to Harrold in the North slaveholders exercised economic power due to staple crops and cotton. Slaveholders accounted for a large number of members in Congress and dominated the Supreme Court. Whereas, early antislavery whites were members of the Society of Friends otherwise known as Quakers. Quaker abolitionists included Benjamin Lay, John Woolman, and Anthony Benezet; they all sought to persuade other Quakers to stop buying and selling slaves and cease all connections with slavery. They contended that slaveholding was conflicting with Christianity morality. Abolitionists of this generation faced a substantial resistance...

Find Another Essay On american abolitionism

Journey to Abolitionism Essay

531 words - 2 pages I am an abolitionist, to put it lightly. I lived in a country where the main mandate was equal to the most fraudulent untruth.Since I was a young girl these outright lies were beaten into my mind until they were a way of life. With every "yes, master" we became more immersed in a pool of familiarity. Escape was a whisper in the wind of my mind, first introduced to me by my grandfather. He himself had been captured in his homeland and brought to

Journey to Abolitionism Essay

531 words - 2 pages I am an abolitionist, to put it lightly. I lived in a country where the main mandate was equal to the most fraudulent untruth.Since I was a young girl these outright lies were beaten into my mind until they were a way of life. With every "yes, master" we became more immersed in a pool of familiarity. Escape was a whisper in the wind of my mind, first introduced to me by my grandfather. He himself had been captured in his homeland and brought to

Women's Rights and Abolitionism and how did the abolitionist movement aid women's rights advocates in their fight for suffrage?

1099 words - 4 pages and resources gained from them. Throughout their struggle they came back to the fundamental principles of justice and equality first discussed in the American Anti-Slavery. In addition, the basic organizational structure of abolitionism aided women's rights activists in forming their own groups to combat tyranny. That their struggle continued a full 60 years after abolition was reached is in no way reflective of a less cohesive group.

Abolitionist Movement versus the Antislavery Movement

819 words - 4 pages it’s the truth. Soon the works of Garrison attracted a large amount of people. He was able to establish the New England Antislavery Society in 1832 then American Antislavery Society in1833. By 1838 there were about 250,000 members of the societies. As abolitionism started expanding free blacks of the North took interest in the movement. The free blacks of the North lived in conditions far worse than the slaves of the South. The prejudice against

The Nation Is Aware of the Abolotionist Movement

927 words - 4 pages The nation suddenly became alert, the nation suddenly had an opinion, and the nation suddenly cares. The abolitionist movement had a great impact on the nation. The abolitionist movement got the nation’s attention unlike the anti-slavery movement. The anti-slavery movement and the abolitionist movement have the same idea but each have a different purpose. There were many staunch supporters to Abolitionism, being stern and uncompromising enemies

Holy Warriors: The Abolitionists and American Slavery

542 words - 2 pages Holy Warriors: The Abolitionists and American SlaveryIt is historian James Brewer Stewart's thesis that the massive social changes and revivalism in the 1820's had started New England's abolitionist crusade against slavery.Revivalism had given a powerful impact to abolitionism in the eighteenth century. As Protestants struggled to overcome the adversities of immense new challenges, the abolitionists' crusade for immediate emancipation also took

Response of Fredrick Douglass to Uncle Tom's Cabin by Harriet Beecher Stowe

997 words - 4 pages Fredrick Douglass' Response to Uncle Tom's Cabin      Frederick Douglass was arguably the most prominent African American abolitionist during the mid-19th century. He established his notoriety through his narrative entitled Narrative of the Life of Frederick Douglass, an American Slave published in 1845. Frederick Douglass also produced an African American newspaper, Frederick Douglass' Paper, which highlighted the reception and critiques

Slavery

924 words - 4 pages transported runaway slaves to Canada. The activities and propaganda of the abolitionists, although discredited in conservative northern quarters and violently opposed in the South, made slavery a national issue. Most historians cite 1831 as the beginning of the United States abolitionist movement, when William Lloyd Garrison founded The Liberator in Boston. This newspaper soon became the leading organ of American abolitionism. In 1833 the American

The Antebellum Era: Major Social Reform Movements

1222 words - 5 pages , economic changes, and as a result of the American and French Revolutions, abolitionism contributed to efforts among whites and blacks to end human bondage. The American Revolution fought for independence from Britain in the name of liberty and universal natural rights contradicted the continuation of slavery. William Lloyd Garrison was a white New Englander who published a weekly abolitionist newspaper, The Liberator, in 1831. He was

The Abolitionist Movement

2274 words - 9 pages morally and constitutionally wrong. Although this form of abolitionism is attributed to William Lloyd Garrison (white abolitionist 1805-1879), African American abolitionists had demanded for an immediate end to slavery for years. “Black abolitionism was the parent of the white crusade.” One of the most influential voices to the immediate end of slavery was David Walker. 1 David Walker was born in Wilmington, North Carolina, in 1785. He was born

Slavery in the Upper And Lower South

1270 words - 5 pages of control slackened, slaves resisted their owners.Abolitionism emerged from the same religious impulse that energized reform throughout the North. What distinguished the abolitionists was their insistence that slavery as the great national sin, mocking American ideals of liberty and Christian morality. In the early nineteenth century, when slavery was expanding westward, almost all white Americans regardless of class or region were convinced

Similar Essays

Abolitionism Essay

1343 words - 5 pages like that back then as an African American women. So finally to me they are remembered and talked about as strong, successful women.Both Sojourner Truth and Harriet Tubman were very effective when it comes to abolitionism. Sojourner Truth had to fight for her own personal rights to get what she wanted which was to get her son back. First off, Truth's former master sold her son illegally,and Sojourner didn't know about it for a while. Sojourner

Women In Abolitionism And Womens Rights

1810 words - 8 pages Evidence The womens abolitionists movement was essentially the birth of the American women’s rights movement that lasted from 1858-1920 (Leonhardt 2.A). Womens abolitionism during the time of the civil war was a movement intended to prohibit and end slavery in the states; done by trying to educate the public on the immorality of slavery. These women that joined forces with male protesters helped condemn slavery, calling for an end to the

Abolitionism And Inactivity In Uncle Tom's Cabin

3060 words - 12 pages The debate raging in the years 1836-1837 over women's proper duties and roles in regards to abolitionism was publicly shaped primarily by two opposing forces: on the one hand, sisters Angelina and Sarah Grimke, abolitionists and champions of women's rights; and on the other, Catharine Beecher, who opposed suffrage and women's involvement in abolitionism and argued in favor of woman's place in the home. After the printing of Angelina Grimké's

Abolitionism And The Underground Railroad In Massachusetts

2542 words - 10 pages even in the present day, the conductors certainly made a paramount step in the advancement of African American justice. Boston and its surrounding area played a key role in the Underground Railroad and abolitionist movement and serve.Notes1. Rev. W. M. Mitchell. The Under-Ground Railroad (Westport: Negro Universities Press, 1860), 126.2. "I Will be Heard!": Abolitionism in America. 2002. Cornell University Library. 29 December 2003.3. Stuart Kallen