Obesity has a major effect on children across the world. The highest rates of obesity in the US is experienced amongst African American girls. Being overweight is related to many psychological risk factors. Body dissatisfaction is being okay with one's overall weight/size. Although being okay with one's overall appearance is a characterized aspect of body esteem. African American girls have not usually displayed emotion distress concerning weight evaluation. Although African Americans girls are dissatisfied with their bodies, it does note conducts them to assess their overall appearance. (Dalton et al. 2011)
The increase of eating pathology is partially due to the mass media. The unrealistic thin images of models in the media in comparison to female's actual self-image. The exposure to images of slender models could lead to restrained diet, and several other risk factors. According to an experiment by Field, they found that males that were looking to imitate models in the media, use products to enhance their appearance. Researcher Anschutz, Strien and Engels stated that approximately 20,000 television commercials are viewed by adolescent in the US every year. Companies use attractive, thin models to promote their merchandise. The social comparison suggest that person analyze their own appearance in an negative aspect after watching exceeding attractive people. (Anschutz, Van Strien & Engels, 2011)
Research in the US reports that about 40% of adolescent girls are not pleased with their body. About 48% of 9-12 year old girls were completely dissatisfied with their body and 22% thought that they were too 'fat'. (Halliwell, Easun & Harcourt, 2011) The concern with the dissatisfaction of their bodies contributes to negative emotions such as depression, self-perception, and eating disorders. The expansion of nonrealistic and harmful body image ideal that are presented in the media leads to dissatisfaction of one's body. The experiment by Halliwell, Easun and Harcourt presented an intervention created by Dove for their Self-Esteem Fund. The video entitled 'Evolution' was used to display alterations that are made when creating a media image. The clip focused on the adjustments that were made to the model's face and several other places such as the neck. The study evaluated weather the brief intervention on unrealistic idealized images in the media can decrease the negative effect it has on adolescent girls. (Halliwell, Easun & Harcourt, 2011)
There were 127 girls between the ages of 10 and 13. The instruments used was The Body Image Scale, and Body Esteem Scale. Some of the limitations were that a large amount of the participants didn’t know their height and weight. Their ethnicity wasn’t taken either. After the interview, young girls are prevented from having negative effects after viewing the models that have had their appearance altered. (Halliwell, Easun & Harcourt, 2011)
According to Harriger & Thompson, some factors of body image could be...