Analysis And Description Of Diabetes

1488 words - 6 pages

Children all over are getting sick and on the verge of dying due to the lack of knowledge in America. About one of our many “secret killers” that slide right under our noses. We as a country need to educate ourselves and prove that we are the strong, brave and knowledgeable country we always say we are. We need to ensure that the knowledge we receive is correct and not just jumbled misconceptions we hear from the media or by word of mouth. We, as a country, have the chance to stop an estimation of a 55% increase for 2030 for this “secret killer”, diabetes (IDF). This disease is serious and has nothing mild about it (IDF, JDRF). We must take the steps now America and stop our children and families from going through something like this.
Diabetes is a medical condition when your pancreas, an organ that lies near the stomach that creates a hormone called insulin, doesn’t produce enough insulin or any insulin at all (CDC, Petiti et al.). We use insulin in our digestive system to change our food to sugar and then to energy, which will later be stored and used for the activities you participate in during your day. “Diabetes depends on the severity, BG (blood glucose/ sugar levels), family medical history, and on how a patient got the disease to determine what specific “type” of diabetes you will obtain” (Graf). The types of diabetes range from type 1 (T1D), type 2 (T2D), pre-diabetes, gestational diabetes, steroid diabetes, neonatal diabetes mellitus, and the list goes on and on especially for the rare few that don’t fit under any specific category (Graf).
In America, 8.3% (25.8 million) are affected by diabetes but only 18.8 million people will know about it before it is too late, leaving diabetes in 7th place in the leading top 10 causes of death (CDC, JDRF). Out of all the varieties of diabetes T1D, T2D, and gestational are the most common types. Due to this, America comes in second with the highest amount of diabetic adults as of 2013 poll comparison between all of the other countries (IDF). I say “common” for these are the main types that many Americans obtain and either know a lot about, nothing at all or just have their assumptions about these specific diseases. As a child people would tell me “…if you keep eating all that sugar you will get diabetes”, this is in fact one of the most common misconceptions a majority of Americans have (Johnson). This is also, in my opinion, the most ridiculous because if this were to be true, then close to every person in America, especially children would have T1D. In reality though, “T1D is usually caused by an auto-immune reaction where the body’s defense system attacks the cells that produce insulin” (IDF). This only means that you were born with a non-working pancreas, which normally is fixable because it was just “sleeping” and can be “woken back up” or it later in life just stopped working. Chances of this happening to an average American is only 1 in 100 compared to someone that has a close relative...

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