Animal Dreaming And Substantiation A Connection To Humanity

1105 words - 5 pages

Animal sleep is presented in various patterns like hibernation, nocturnal activity, and even napping! For example, penguins rarely sleep in case of abrupt attacks of predators. They sleep in standing positions for only a few minutes to provide security. In some occasions, penguins take naps in the ocean after a full meal. In contrast, brown bats spend generally nineteen hours just on sleeping hanging upside down. As these examples demonstrate, the state of sleeping in animals is confirmed based on scientific research. The evidence of animal sleep is obvious, mainly characterized by temporary unconsciousness, non-responsiveness to external stimuli, and passivity in movement. Although animal sleeping is corroborated by these common symptoms, animal dreaming is a controversial issue in the scientific field. Many scholars are opposed to the state of animal dreaming because verbal description lacks and data is limited to those collected through visual means. However,animal dreaming should not be disregarded on account of three scientific elements; particular brain activity, specific stages of sleep, and involuntary body movements.
First of all, the brain activity of sleeping animals is considerably related to humanity. The first similarity is the brain wave patterns during animal sleep. Human sleeping is usually accompanied by weak Alpha waves and strong Theta waves. The electrical activity of the animal brain was measured by an electroencephalogram (EEG) in the early research conducted by Dr. William C. Dement, the founder of the Sleep Research Center. Accordingly, Alpha waves disappeared and Theta waves appeared strongly making a match with human brain waves. Another explanation is the distinctive pattern of neurons which is created in the hippocampus, the major component of the brains limited to humans and vertebrates(species including amphibians, mammals, and birds). To demonstrate, in a research conducted by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), the brain activity of rats became vigorous in use of the hippocampus. After running in the maze, rats remembered and reconstructed the maze structure in their dreams. The fact was proven by the repetition of unique signature in brain activity when the rat ran. Moreover, Hypocretin, a significant factor of sleep control, lacks in both human and mammals.Hypocretin is referred to the neurotransmitter that regulates arousal and is less produced in the human brain. Lack of Hypocretin leads to Narcolepsy, a sleep disorder which exhibits sudden collapse. This disease is related to deep sleep, and slow-wave sleep also involves dreaming. For example, Narcolepsy is manifested mostly in dogs and mankind, this correlation shows that both species experience dreaming. Therefore, mammals which sleep relatively long and lack Hypocretin has a higher possibility to dream because dreaming is proportional to the amount of sleep.
Next, the stage of REM and non-REM sleep appears in animal sleep as well. REM sleep is...

Find Another Essay On Animal Dreaming and Substantiation-A Connection to Humanity

To Kill a Mockingbird - General Essay Question: Connection Between Book's name and Literal Meaning

665 words - 3 pages The mockingbird - The title of To Kill a Mockingbird has very little literal connection to the plot, but it carries a great deal of symbolic weight in the book. In this story of innocents destroyed by evil, the "mockingbird" comes to represent the idea of innocence. Thus, to kill a mockingbird is to destroy innocence. Throughout the book, a number of characters (Jem, Tom Robinson, Dill, Boo Radley, and Mr. Raymond) can be

"Beowulf" and connection to Pagan Christianity

597 words - 2 pages Beowulf has a unique and peculiar history. It is often presented as the archetypal literary work and as a cornerstone of Middle Ages literature. The story was composed around 700 A.D. and mostly had been in circulation in oral narrative. The action period of Beowulf story dates back to the 500 A.D. Many of the characters in the poem--the Swedish and Danish royal family members, for example--correspond to actual historical figures. Originally

Civilization's Connection to Morals and Savagery

1620 words - 6 pages The comedian Bill Cosby once said, "Civilization had too many rules for me, so I did my best to rewrite them." However humorous of a statement this is, it was not that unique of a concept. Diverging from society and creating new laws is not a concept created in recent-time. Several people have created new societies, such as the Puritans, who wished to achieve religious freedom in the United States. A modern-day example of the creation of new

"Othello" and Its Connection to Greek Tragedy

761 words - 3 pages The play Othello is Shakespeare's own version of a classic Greek tragedy. A classical dramatic tragedy derives its essence from the ancient Greek plays that were often popular in Athens. These plays would typically consist of the downfall of a famous Greek character in history/legend, or the breakdown of a hero. Typically the hero is forced to struggle against overwhelming odds, and fate only that this characters downfall would be so

On Events: Individuation, Exemplification, and Instantiation. This paper examines several philosophical concepts related to events and event substantiation

2474 words - 10 pages Antone S. PerreiraMetaphysicsEssay 2On Events: Individuation, Exemplification, and InstantiationWas Brutus's killing of Caesar a singular event, or in fact a plurality of events taken in context to one another? The concept, and ontological implications of answering this question are vast, and present philosophers with an array of possibilities in exploring the nature and metaphysical breadth of events. General consensus has been reached on the

A Connection between Marching Band and Sports

2369 words - 10 pages With four and a half minutes left of halftime, Annandale High School’s football coach, Michael Scott, forces the marching band off the field by shaking the drum major’s podium repetitively. Nevertheless, Michael brought his football players onto the field and did not realize that he was being disrespectful to the band, especially on senior night (Devorak). After participating in marching band for 7 years, marching bands do not receive the credit

Pollution and Asthma: Is There a Connection?

2863 words - 12 pages 2001, one out of every fourteen people had asthma. Since then asthma has been on a gradual incline. In 2009, one in every 12 people now had asthma (Asthma Statistics, 2013). This means 25 million people in the United States are living with asthma. More and more people are dying every day because of asthma. Scientists are trying to figure out why asthma has been increasing in the recent years. There are several different possible explanations

Tennyson's Ulysses: A Call to Humanity

1714 words - 7 pages science and thought.” The poem calls for annexation, certainly, but not annexation in the sense of dominating and conquering the globe. As proud of Britain as Tennyson was during his life, “Ulysses’ “ purpose is not and was never to fulfill a political agenda, but instead exists as a call to all of humanity to get the most out of their time on Earth and their own person via expanding their knowledge to the greatest degree possible. Tennyson

The Connection: A New Historic View of George Orwell’s Animal Farm

2074 words - 8 pages destruction and catastrophic loss of life during World War I led to what can best be described as a cultural despair in many former combatant nations…” In Orwell’s Animal Farm the farm had lost a lot of money and the animals were in suffering without any assistance from their farm’s owner, leaving them without sufficient food or resources. “Mr. Jones, although a hard master, had been a capable farmer, but of late he had fallen on evil days. He had

A More Responsible Approach to Animal Research, Testing, and Experimentation

1628 words - 7 pages It’s Time for a More Responsible Approach to Animal Research, Testing, and Experimentation The debate about using animals for medical testing has been raging for years. The struggle always seems to be between extremist animal rights activists who believe that animals should never be used for research, and scientists who believe that any use of animals is acceptable. There are a growing number who argue that there must be a reasonable

Nature and Humanity, a Comparison of Poems

1584 words - 6 pages domesticated cattle, the moose is a wild animal that would pose as a reminder to humanity of their wild and unpredictable nature, and therefore, threatening their strictly controlled society. When the townspeople encounter the moose, they treat him as though he was their property because they attempt to control and overpower the moose. For example, Nowlan uses the image of the men pry[ing] open [the moose's] jaws with bottles" to show how humans try

Similar Essays

Animal Dreaming And Substantiation: A Potential Field In Science

1112 words - 4 pages animal sleep is obvious, mainly characterized by temporary unconsciousness, non-responsiveness to external stimuli, and passivity in movement. Although animal sleeping is corroborated by these common symptoms, animal dreaming is a controversial issue in the scientific field. Many scholars are opposed to the state of animal dreaming because verbal description lacks and data is limited to those collected through visual means. However, animal dreaming

Dreaming And Posttraumatic Stress Disorder: The Connection

1084 words - 5 pages psychological distress” to symbols representing trauma; and “recurrent distressing dreams of the event”, or nightmares/terrors (DSM-IV, Appendix E). While all symptoms play an important factor in diagnosing a patient with Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder, the most common of the symptoms are the recurring dreams according to a statement in Dreaming in Posttraumatic Stress Disorder: A Critical Review of Phenomology, Psychophysiology and Treatment by Wittmann

Dreaming And Post Traumatic Stress Disorder: The Connection

2344 words - 9 pages ; and “recurrent distressing dreams of the event”, or nightmares/terrors (DSM-IV, Appendix E). While all symptoms play an important factor in diagnosing a patient with Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder, the most common of the symptoms are the recurring dreams according to a statement in Dreaming in Posttraumatic Stress Disorder: A Critical Review of Phenomology, Psychophysiology and Treatment by Wittmann, Schredl, and Kramer. “Sleep disturbances have

Connection Between Animal Abuse And Other Violence

2135 words - 9 pages Costa was arrested facing felony charges of animal abuse (McKay, 2014). Every year, thousands of animals like Scrunchy are the victims of malicious cruelty, but these crimes are perceived as less important than other crimes and thus many animal cruelty cases are never prosecuted. Due to the relatively recent discovery of a connection between animal cruelty and other violent crimes, many states are now recognizing the need for stiffer punishment and