Animal Experimentation Essay

1205 words - 5 pages

Animals suffer just as people do. In 2009 animal experimentation was the cause of over 1.13 million animals, excluding small rodents, suffering in U.S. Laboratories (U.S. Department of Agriculture, Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service). Animal experimentation is unethical, unnecessary and expensive; alternative methods of testing should be utilized.
It is unethical to use the cruel methods of animal experimentation for our own benefit alone. The animals used in research range from birds, dogs, cats, and pigs to name a few. So many innocent creatures put up with the immense pain so that science experiments can be made and new products can be put on the shelves. Many of the animals used in the testing and experiments are blind, severely burned, poisoned, or mutilated (“Animals in Product Testing.”). Even when a product is labeled “cruelty free” or “not tested on animals” the individual ingredients that make up the product are likely to have been tested on animals at some point (Macfarlane et al., 191). Also, anesthesia is not required by law to give to small lab animals such as rats and mice, it is the lab's choice if the animals will receive pain medication or sedatives ("Health Sciences Center Animal Research Facility - Conducting Research with Animals."). The animals are either killed as a result of the experiments, or they are injured so severely that they must be euthanized. According to the National Anti-Vivisection Society, animals have had their eyes pried open, their skin burned, and bones broken. The experiments would sometimes result in spinal cord or brain injury (Anderagg et al., 2006). There are two main types of test involved in animal experimentation; the Draize test and the LD-50 test. The Draize test measures the harmfulness of a product by rubbing the product on the animal's shaved skin or it's put straight into the animal's ears, mouth and nose. This method is used even if the product is not intended to be in contact with human skin, eyes, or mouth (“Animals in Product Testing.” 2011). The Draize test causes severe pain, itching, burning and often death. The LD-50 (lethal dose 50 percent) test is used to measure toxicity levels of certain ingredients. The ingredient is either injected into the animal or the animal is forced to ingest the product. The amount or concentration of the substance will kill at least half of the group within a specific time frame; the animals will suffer acute distress, pain, convulsions, discharge, diarrhea and bleeding from the eyes and mouth. The subjects that do not die from the initial dosage are killed to test their internal organs for damage (“Animals in Product Testing.” 2011). Animals are put through extreme pain and unnecessary measures for animal testing and experimentation. It is cruel and unethical to cause so much physical harm to another living being.
Apart from being cruel and harmful to animals, animal experimentation is also costly. According to the U.S. Department of...

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