Animal research plays a vital role in scientists’ in understanding of diseases in the development of effective medical treatments. Testing on animals provide scientists with complex living systems of cells, tissues, and organs. Animals are biologically similar to humans in many ways and they are vulnerable to over 200 of the same health problems, this making animals an effective model for scientist to study one (Animal Research p.1). The majority of research animals are used in experiments focused on disease treatment and prevention, and the treatment of injuries. Laboratory animals are also used in basic medical research, breeding other research animals and diagnosis (Animal Research, pg. 1). Nearly every Nobel Laureate in Physiology or Medicine since 1901 has relied on animal data for their research. (Forty Reasons, pg. 1). Animals should be used for research because animals and humans are very similar, collects lots of information, and they protect the safety of people.
Animals and humans are very similar. Chimpanzees share 99% of their DNA with humans, and mice are 98% genetically similar to humans. Humans and animals are both mammals, they descended from common ancestors, and have the same set of organs that function in essentially the same way with the help of bloodstream and central nervous system. Since animals and humans are so biologically similar they share some of the same conditions and illnesses, such as heart disease, cancer, and diabetes (Ethics p. 1). Testing on animals has been the contribution to many life-saving cures and treatments. According to the California Biomedical Research Association almost every medical breakthrough that has happened in the last 100 years has resulted from research using animals. One experiment were several dogs had their pancreases removed led to the discovery of insulin, which was critical for people who suffer from diabetes. The polio vaccine, tested on animals, reduced the global occurrence of the disease from 350,000 cases in 1988 to 223 cases in 2012. Animal research has also been the contributor to advances in understanding and treating conditions such as breast cancer, brain injury, child leukemia, and cystic fibrosis. Dr. Chris Abee, Director of the University of Texas said “We wouldn’t have a vaccine for hepatitis B without chimpanzees, the use of chimps is our best hope for finding a vaccine for Hepatitis C, a disease that kills 15,000 people every year in the United States (Animal Testing p. 1).
Animals are not being tested on for the fun of it, they’re being tested on to find cures, to make sure the products you see on the self are safe for you and your family.
Unlike popular belief animals are not treated badly animal researchers treat animals humanely, both for the animals needs and to make sure the test are accurate. The animals that are used for research cared for by veterinarians or animal heath technicians to make sure their health and daily needs are being met. If an animal...