Animal Testing Essay

2967 words - 12 pages

ANIMAL TESTING
INTRODUCTION
Animals have been used in scientific experiments for a long time to be able to understand and define how human body works and to cure certain diseases. However, most of the people are in disagreement to use animals in scientific experiments. They suggest using humans as test subjects with the drug trials. The first reason why humans should be used for drugs trials is that animals are living creatures that have rights to reject although they cannot speak in the human language. Moreover, they suffer and there are even people who try to animate their feelings by crying and trying to be like animals. Since people choose to and to be volunteered to be experimented on, ...view middle of the document...

These are some information about the research question: What is the purpose of using animals on scientific experiments instead of using human subjects?
LITERATURE REVIEW
In today’s world, people always try to have the best, and this makes safety an important issue. Both medical and non-medical products need to be approved in terms of safety before it is put on the market (Galson, 2005). That’s why products such as cosmetics and drugs need to be tested on animals. However, researchers showed that there are many physiological differences between animals and human beings (“The Pharmaceutical Racket,” n.d.). For example, sweet almond which is healthy for human beings is deadly for foxes, and drugs which have the label of safety such as Pronap & Plaxin, which is a tranquilizer, killed many babies (“The Pharmaceutical Racket,” n.d.). Due to these false results, it is being questioned that what the drawbacks of using animal on scientific experiments are.
Vivisection can be called as the process where animals are tortured in the labs for the good of humankind (“Question Vivisection,” n.d.). Is it not ridiculous that humans who are fighting for freedom keep holding animals in the cages? According to NEAVS, which is the acronym for New England Anti-Vivisection Society, over 25 millions of animals are used in biomedical experimentation, product and cosmetic testing, and science education every year in the United States of America (“Harm and Suffering,” n.d.). For the sake of research and testing, animals are exposed to some experiments such as testing new drugs, infecting with diseases, poisoning for toxicity testing, implanting electrodes into the brain, blinding etc. (“Harm and Suffering,” n.d.). Such experiments come with harsh protocols including long-term social isolation, electric shocks, severe suffering, and intoxication (“Harm and Suffering,” n.d.). As if these severe protocols are not enough, almost all of the animals are supposed to die at the end of the study (“Animal Experimentation,” n.d.). Therefore, it can be easily said that experimenting on animals puts them through unnecessary pain.
It is not easy to get the exact numbers when it comes to animal testing. In a report of BUAV, which is the acronym for the British Union for the Abolition of Vivisection estimates that there are 100 millions of vertebrates are experimented in the world every year (as cited in Taylor & Gordon et al., 2008). Furthermore, the Nuffield Council on Bioethics (n.d.) claims that the global number is about 50 to 100 million animals that are experimented on. Also, animals used for breeding purposes are not included to the numbers. Therefore, according to USDA, which is the acronym for the U.S. Department of Agriculture, about 1.2 million of animals are used in U.S.A. in 2005. However, this data do not provide the number of rats, and mice used in researches because laws, at any chance, do not protect these (“Speak Out for Species,” n.d.). That’s why the number of...

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