Art And Architecture In The Middle Ages And Renaissance

1128 words - 5 pages

The difference between the Middle Ages and the Renaissance is most visible through art and architecture, demonstrated specifically through an emphasis on religion or classical antiquity, and humanity. During the Middle Ages, art was more religious because it had a very religious influence from the church having such great power in the community. When the Renaissance started, art became more focused on ancient Greece. The Greek influence was because scholars were broadly studying the revival of classical antiquity. The architecture was affected in the same way because in the Middle Ages the style of the buildings was being influenced by religion. The style in the Renaissance was being more influenced by ancient Greece.
The art and architecture was greatly influenced by the Humanist movements between the middle Ages and the Renaissance. In the start of the Renaissance the style of buildings and art was starting to shift. There were still pieces of things that reflected religion, however the artists in the Renaissance were more fascinated by art using the human body (Follett software). When the Renaissance was first starting humanists changed their study from theology and became more interested in the study of philology. Humanists started focusing more on humanism and gaining classical antiquity (class notes). The humanist believed that studying classical antiquity would help their country function better. They thought that ancient Greece was as close to perfect as could be and they wanted to be as much like them as they could.
During the Renaissance scholars were more focused on studying classical antiquity than theology, this had a great influence on their art to change from biblical scenes too more realistic art of people (Follett software). In Rafael’s painting School of Athens, one can see how classical antiquity affected art. The painting depicts real people doing everyday things, like studying. Classical Antiquity was greatly displayed through another painting it depicts a normal person holding a balance. In the Middle Ages this would have been frowned upon because they discouraged the making of realistic paintings (Follett software). Realistic paintings would not have been introduced to the Renaissance without the humanists studying classical antiquity.
Art with biblical themes were popular in the Middle Ages because the artists were also focused on theology. Jesus and Mary were usually the main focus in most paintings. The people in the Middle Ages really appreciated godly looks and tried to incorporate the catholic religion in most if not all of their paintings (class notes). For example, Giotto’s painting Madonna and child displays Mary and Jesus in the center of the painting. Not only are Mary and Jesus in the center, they are also illustrated to be a lot bigger than the angels around them. Giotto wasn’t the only artist to place Mary and Jesus in the center and larger, this was very normal for the Middle Ages. Most artists were very...

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