Autism is a complicated disorder, and to understand Autism we must first understand what it is, and the strategies needed to help children be successful. School age children with Autism require special intervention in order to succeed in school. “If they can't learn the way we teach, we teach the way they learn” ― O. Ivar Lovaas
First I’d like to start by discussing characteristics that set children with Autism apart from typical children. Some areas affected by this disorder are social interaction, impaired communication, repetitive stereotypical behavior; symptoms typically occur in early childhood, and are usually accompanied by intellectual disorders. Typical characteristics regarding social interaction is children who play alone in “a world of their own,” they do not have the desire to play with their peers.
Often time’s children with Autism have some degree of communication impairment some children do not speak at all, while others struggle with speech. The degree of communication issues vary some children echo or repeat what others have said even though they may not understand what they are saying. “Auditory processing- The autistic brain processes auditory information more slowly and with greater difficulty than a typical brain. Because of this, the rapid pace of conversation and the expectation that they are able to listen, comprehend, form an opinion/reaction and respond in a short time period is stressful.” (Henry, 2012)
At what time teaching takes place the teacher must keep a few things in mind. First, the teacher must slow speech her/his own speech down allowing time for student to process what is being heard, and keep terms simple and to the point. When giving instruction break down into small steps to allow student to work in chunks. Additionally, when teaching one must remember ASD students are very literal and figurative language must be avoided. Finally, visuals are an effective method when teaching Autistic children.
Not as commonly known to the disorder...