Bernini And Borromini Essay

758 words - 4 pages

Rome or "The Eternal City", capital of Papal estates, a city of artistic, cultural and architectural importance, home to many famous artists and architects. As Pope Urban VIII sat on the papal throne in 1623, he immediately hired two talented young men for the construction of the St. Peter's Basilica. Bernini the master sculptor and Borromini an amazing architectural draftsman, both artists worked on St.Peters for the next few years and left an imprint of their own architectural styles and visions. Barbernini was a great politician, probably did not think that these two artists will give art a new shape and both left a huge imprint of themselves in the city which shaped the aesthetics of Rome. Rome is Baroque and Baroque is Rome, traces of antique, middle ages or the enlightenment can be found in the Eternal City but Baroque is there around every corner. It is truly impossible to go a few hundred meters, to see the facafes of churches set of stacked columns, large sculptures and wide cornices by artists such as Carlo Maderno, Girolamo and Carlo Rainldich, Pietro da Cortona, Marin Longhiego but the strongest an the most influential were Bernini and Borromini. Bernini being a charming man, loved and as well as that always invited to the most social events of the city. Bernini was an extremely passionate with huge temper. He began his career as a sculpture, it is said that he was probably the most talented artist after Michaelangelo as he was able to make marble sculptures “breathe”. Borromini was the opposite of Bernini, he was a loner, irrational, aggressive and also a neurotic man. As well as Bernini he was a brilliant architect but also he was a brilliant engineer, he knew everything about structural details and materials. An exceptional example of his knowledge can be seen in the Basilica of St. Giovanni. Palazzo Barberini is an impeccable example of the mixture of both architectural styles portrayed by two sets of stairs lead to the piano nobile, a large squared staircase by Bernini to the left and a smaller oval staircase by Borromini to the right. Bernini created theatrical experiences in his buildings to magnify the visitors response. Borromini had a different approach, he expanded his designs beyond the limits if classical architecture by deforming classical...

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