Biomass Briquetting Plants Essay

1795 words - 8 pages

HUB AND SPOKES MODEL
In this model we propose a two stage hub and spokes model consisting of a large scale biomass consumer like biomass power plant as the centre and it is surrounded by m number of briquetting plants. Each briquetting plant acts as a centre in turn and surrounded by n number of biomass collection centers. The biomass collection centers acts as buying agents and send the raw material to the biomass briquetting plants where they are stored, processed, packed and sent to biomass power plant. The electricity produced is to be connected to the grid to be distributed back to the same rural region. It will be a self sustaining model suitable very well for remote regions and also for any area where there is sufficient availability of biomass waste which is not used for cattle feed. It will generate rural employment and enhance their living standard.
ASSUMPTIONS
1. Each collection center fixes its purchase price depending on the raw material available and its quality, 2. Biomass is not stored in collection centers, they are sent to briquetting plants for storage, 3. Each biomass briquetting plant fixes the price for its product in consultation with biomass power plant regularly, 4. Each biomass collection center should send the material only to its corresponding briquetting plant, 5. Each briquetting plant should send its produce only to the central biomass power plant, should not sell in the retail market, 6. Central biomass power plant should accept all the collected biomass supplied from the m briquetting plants and for shortage of loads it may purchase raw material outside, 7. Money should be settled at real time at all stages of the network.
ABBREVIATIONS AND NOTATIONS
BPP : Biomass power plant
BBP : Biomass briquetting plant
BCC : Biomass collection center
BBPm : mth biomass briquetting plant
m : number of biomass briquetting plant
nm : number of collection centre for mth briquetting plant
CRmn : Cost of raw material for the collection center n of the briquetting plant m
CTmn : Cost of transportation from the collection center n to the briquetting plant m
CIm : Cost of inventory at the briquetting plant m
CPm : Cost of processing at the briquetting plant m
BCm : Cost of briquette from briquetting plant m
TCm : Transportation cost from briquetting plant m to biomass power plant
Fig 3 : The structure of the proposed hub and spokes model
COST DETAILS OF BRIQUETTES
Cost of raw material for the collection center n of the briquetting plant m (CRmn) roughly works out to be Rs. 1000 per ton. It does no show much variation between regions and it depends mostly on the type and condition of the raw material than the regional factors. On wet conditions it works out to be 500 Rs/ton due to its moisture content and hence lesser calorific vale and hard dry materials which can be directly used as household fuel costs upto 1500 Rs/ton.
Cost of transportation from the...

Find Another Essay On Biomass Briquetting Plants

Revolutionary Work of Art Essay

1890 words - 8 pages Walter Benjamin emphasizes in his essay, “The Work of Art in the Age of its Technological Reproducibility” that technology used to make an artwork has changed the way it was received, and its “aura”. Aura represents the originality and authenticity of a work of art that has not been reproduced. The Sistine Chapel in the Vatican is an example of a work that has been and truly a beacon of art. It has brought a benefit and enlightenment to the art

Enlightenment Thought in New Zealand Schools

1594 words - 6 pages In this essay I will be looking at how the political and intellectual ideas of the enlightenment have shaped New Zealand Education. I will also be discussing the perennial tension of local control versus central control of education, and how this has been affected by the political and intellectual ideas of the enlightenment. The enlightenment was an intellectual movement, which beginnings of were marked by the Glorious Revolution in Britain

Psychological Egoism Theory

2240 words - 9 pages The theory of psychological egoism is indeed plausible. The meaning of plausible in the context of this paper refers to the validity or the conceivability of the theory in question, to explain the nature and motivation of human behavior (Hinman, 2007). Human actions are motivated by the satisfaction obtained after completing a task that they are involved in. For example, Mother Teresa was satisfied by her benevolent actions and

How Celtic Folkore has Influenced My Family

1587 words - 6 pages Every family has a unique background that influences the way they live and interact with other people. My parents, who emigrated from Ireland to the States with my three brothers in 1989, brought over their own Celtic folklore and traditions that have helped shaped the way our family operates and lives. One aspect of folklore that has helped shape my family dynamic is the Celtic cross—both its background and what role it has played in our lives

Julia Margaret Cameron

1406 words - 6 pages At a time when women were looked upon as being homemakers, wives, mothers and such the late 1850's presented a change in pace for one woman in specific. Photography was discovered in 1826 and soon after the phenomenon of photography was being experimented with and in turn brought new and different ways of photo taking not only as documenting real time, but also conceptualizing a scene in which an image would be taken. Julia Margaret Cameron will

Evaluation of School Improvement

1403 words - 6 pages The evaluation process should be progressive to incorporate overall planning, implement changes, which contribute to success. In order to focus on school climate and norms, the evaluation design must include the students, instructions, and outcomes to improve communication and building-level concerns to be address in this response. School Climate and Social Norms The school principal, other staff leaders, and personnel set the tone and the

Case Study: The Benefits of Animal Testing

1757 words - 7 pages Nine year old Amy has already had a rough start in life. She was born with an abnormal heart that hinders her everyday activities. Amy is unable to keep up with kids her own age because she often tires out easily. As a consequence, she has very little friends and is often alone. Amy is forced to take different medications everyday just to survive. Amy’s life consists of medicine, doctors, and constant hospital visits. However, Amy is due for a

Myth and Magic: Realism in "One Hundred Years of Solitude"

1531 words - 6 pages “He enjoyed his grandmother's unique way of telling stories. No matter how fantastic or improbable her statements, she always delivered them as if they were the irrefutable truth” (Wikipedia, 2011). Experiences are particular instances of one personally encountering or undergoing something and in these moments of time life changes for the best or the worst and memories are formed. These recollections such as riding your first bicycle, going to

Adiponectin: a Novel Indicator of Malnutrition and Inflammation in Hemodialysis Patients

2384 words - 10 pages Objective Protein-Energy malnutrition (PEM) and inflammation are common and overlapping conditions in hemodialysis patients which are associated with increased risk of morbidity and mortality. Adiponectin is an adipocytokine which is exclusively produced by adipose tissue. Few studies in hemodialysis patients have demonstrated that serum levels of adiponectin were significantly higher in malnourished patients compared to well-nourished ones. The

The Congo Free State: A Legacy of Apathy, Exploitation and Brutality

2298 words - 9 pages Between 1885 and 1908, Belgium’s Leopold II ruled Congo, a region in central Africa, as his personal colony, exploiting the resources and inhabitants for his own gain. Leopold allowed and encouraged Europeans and other Westerners to enter Congo and set up companies whose primary purpose was to gather rubber, which was abundant but difficult to get to in the Congo, using the Congolese as the laborers for the Europeans. Rubber gathering in Congo

Selective Exposition in The Lottery, by Shirley Jackson

1073 words - 4 pages Usually when someone hears the word “lottery” the first thing that comes to mind is a large sum of cash that people compete against highly impractical odds to win. Shirley Jackson’s story The Lottery might imply a similar conception based on the title alone, but the story is filled with unknowns never revealing exactly when and where the story takes place, or why the lottery exists; even what the lottery is isn’t revealed until the very end. Yet

Similar Essays

Development Of Biomass Supply Chain Framework In The Model Of Milk Cooperatives

1017 words - 5 pages Each collection center fixes its purchase price depending on the raw material available and its quality. Allowances in price are given for moisture evaporation and price is fixed for the possible amount of dry biomass only. Biomass is not stored in collection centers, they are sent to briquetting plants for storage. There is no waste during storage and briquetting. Each biomass briquetting plant fixes the price for its product in consultation

India´S Energy: Biomass Cooperatives Essay

3224 words - 13 pages propose a two stage hub and spokes model consisting of a large scale biomass consumer like biomass power plant as the centre and it is surrounded by m number of briquetting plants. Each briquetting plant acts as a centre in turn and surrounded by n number of biomass collection centers. The biomass collection centers acts as buying agents and send the raw material to the biomass briquetting plants where they are stored, processed, packed and sent to

When The Bubble Burst Essay

1539 words - 6 pages By the time I arrived state side from my second tour in the Middle East the housing bubble had already burst. I noticed a drastic change in the way that many of my friends and family were living. Several of my friends that worked in real estate had sold their boats and seconds houses. My own stock portfolio had lost a third of its value. My sister and her husband had defaulted on their home mortgage leaving them scrambling for a place to live. I

Phase Diagram Essay

4456 words - 18 pages Introduction: Chemical equilibrium is a crucial topic in Chemistry. To represent and model equilibrium, the thermodynamic concept of Free energy is usually used. For a multi-component system the Gibbs free energy is a function of Pressure, Temperature and quantity (mass, moles) of each component. If one of these parameters is changed, a state change to a more energetically favorable state will occur. This state has the lowest free energy