Borderline Personality Disorder: A Case Study And Theoretical Approaches To Therapy

1874 words - 7 pages

According to the DSM-5, Personality Disorders are characterized by “impairments in personality functioning and the presence of pathological personality traits”. Borderline Personality Disorder is one of ten personality disorders listed in the DSM-5. The DSM-5 lists several criteria that must be met in order for someone to be diagnosed with Borderline Personality Disorder. They are quoted as follows:

Borderline Personality Disorder (BPD) affects about 4% of the general population, and at least 20% of the clinical psychiatric population. (Kernberg and Michels, 2009) In the clinical psychiatric population, about 75% of those with the disorder are women. BPD is also significantly heritable, with 42-68% of the variance associated with genetic factors, similar to that of hypertension. BPD can also develop due to environmental factors such as childhood neglect and/or trauma, insecure attachment, and exposure to marital, family, and psychiatric issues. (Gunderson, 2011)
Some of the key components of BPD include self-harm, or suicidal thoughts and actions, dichotomous thinking, and low emotional granularity. People that present with reoccurring suicidal thoughts and actions, combined with a fear of abandonment, are commonly diagnosed with BPD. These two characteristics make BPD easily recognizable, but this diagnoses is often not used. The emotional volatility, recurrent crises, and self-injurious behaviors of those with BPD are often seen as willfully manipulative episodes, and not a sign of illness. (Gunderson, 2011) Yet, it is important to take these thoughts and actions seriously, as one never knows when someone may actually decide to end their life.

Beck believed that dichotomous thinking was a key cognitive characteristic of those with BPD, and posits that this type of thinking “contributes to the emotional turmoil and extreme decisions of these patients, as lack of ability to evaluate things in grades of gray contributes to the abrupt and extreme shifts patients with BPD make” (Beck, et. al. 2004). (Suvak, Litz, Sloan, Zanarini, Barrett, and Hofmann, 2011) These “shifts” that Beck mentions occur when a person goes back and forth between thoughts of positive self-regard and negative self-regard, as well as positive and negative thoughts about others.
“Emotional granularity refers to individual differences in the ability to distinguish
among emotional states and is a function of how information about valence and arousal is incorporated into representations of emotion (Barrett, 2004). Individuals high in
granularity represent their emotional states with high specificity (i.e., with a great deal of distinction between similar emotional states; e.g., anger is clearly distinct from annoyance), whereas individuals low in granularity represent their emotional states in
more global terms (i.e., all negatively valenced states are represented as “feeling bad” or “depressed”).” (Suvak, et. al., 2011)
A Case Study
...

Find Another Essay On Borderline Personality Disorder: A Case Study and Theoretical Approaches to Therapy

Borderline Personality Disorder Essay

1596 words - 6 pages individual independence to begin developing, the anxiety and lack of identity can lead to borderline personality disorder. Many believe that a genetic predisposition may be involved in the forming of borderline personality disorder. (Ross, 1995)It is believed so because not all children who are brought up in these unstable and healthy family lifestyles end up with this disorder. A study conducted by James F. Materson, professor of clinical psychiatry

Borderline Personality Disorder Essay

1205 words - 5 pages life. Cognitive-behavior Therapies are a main way for those affected by Borderline Personality Disorder to treat their illness. Cognitive-behavior therapies are the most common form of psychotherapy practiced in today’s world and are usually time limited and goal focused. Two of the most popular forms of Cognitive Therapies are Dialectical Behavior Therapy and Schema-focused Therapy. Dialectical Behavior Therapy, also known as DBT, was

borderline personality disorder

565 words - 3 pages that the world is unreal. Borderline Personality Disorder is difficult to treat because relapse is a common problem, but it is possible to recover from the damaging behaviors of BPD. Psychotherapy or professional counseling, is the initial form of treatment for BPD. Other forms of treatment include: Cognitive-behavioral therapy that focuses on changing thoughts and behavioral patterns. This therapy teaches healthy ways to cope with challenges

BPD: Borderline Personality Disorder

1537 words - 6 pages disorders, and substance abuse. Many people with borderline personality disorder have a first-degree relative with a serious mental illness such as bi-polar disorder and schizophrenia. This is due to both genetic and environmental factors. BPD can and is often misdiagnosed and many people have to wait years to get a proper diagnosis.DiagnosisBorderline personality disorder is diagnosed by mental health professionals, they follow a comprehensive

Borderline Personality Disorder

2178 words - 9 pages for those suffering from BPD. As is the case with oft misunderstood conditions, there is a small but strong community of support ready to provide advice, strategies, and a listening ear. From support forums to official agencies, help is available to those who seek it. With appropriate treatment many have been rehabilitated into a successful and well balanced life. Works Cited 1. Oldham J. Borderline Personality Disorder: An Overview

Borderline Personality Disorder

2371 words - 10 pages time it’s by force. Already disgusted by her knowledge of his participation in the sex-slave business, you can tell by the look on her face that she desperately wants him to stop, but at the same time she doesn’t want to alarm him that something is wrong and that she knows what he’s been up to. In the Diagnostic and Statistical Manuel of Mental Disorders Fifth Edition, Borderline personality disorder is described as having a pervasive pattern

Borderline Personality Disorder - 572 words

572 words - 2 pages 1. What factors do you think contribute to the finding that borderline personality disorder (BPD) is much more common in women than in men? One important psychosocial contribution to BPD is an early traumatic event, possibly including sexual or physical abuse. Since the instance of traumatic childhood sexual abuse is two to three times higher in females than in males, it could be expected that BPD is more common in women than in men. Also, other

Borderline Personality Disorder (BPD)

2690 words - 11 pages structure, incremental validity of self-pathology, and relations to dsm-iv personality disorders. Journal of Personality Assessment, 95(5), 479-485. Herman, J. L., Perry, J. C., & Van der Kolk, B. A. (1989). Childhood trauma in borderline personality disorder.American Journal of Psychiatry, 146(4), 490-495. Kroger, C., Harbeck, S., Armbrust, M., & Kliem, S. (2013). Effectiveness, response, and dropout of dialectical behavior therapy for borderline

A well documented case study Subject has a diagnosis of Alcohol Abuse, Cannabis Abuse, Schizophrenia, Paranoid Type, Schizotypal Personality Disorder, Borderline Personality Disorder

1377 words - 6 pages friends still and has no immediate plans for securing permanent housing. She reports wanting to find a job and would like to return to the grocery store. The former employer is reluctant to re-employ her without more certainty that she is stable.Diagnosis:Axis I:305.00 Alcohol Abuse305.20 Cannabis Abuse295.30 Schizophrenia, Paranoid Type, Single Episode in Full RemissionAxis II:301.22 Schizotypal Personality Disorder, premorbid301.83 Borderline

Borderline Personality Disorder: History, Understanding and Treatment

1956 words - 8 pages , phobias, feelings of emptiness and loneliness, inability to tolerate being alone, problems about eating.There are four important objectives in understanding BPD: The history, the symptoms, the causes, and to explore possible therapy options for individuals with BPD. The term "borderline" goes back a long way. Originally thought to be at the "borderline" of psychosis, people with borderline personality disorder (BPD) suffer from a disorder of emotion

Borderline Personality Disorder and Substance Abuse

2055 words - 9 pages This paper will examine the results of four studies one is a prospective follow-up study, one is a prospective naturalistic study, one is a case control study and the last one is a randomized clinical trial. They are on borderline personality disorder and substance abuse articles by Walter et al. (2009), Zanarini et al. (2010), Gratz & Tull, (2010), and by Linehan, Schmidt III, Dimeff, Craft, Kanter & Comtois, (1999) respectively. The

Similar Essays

Borderline Personality Disorder And Dialectical Behaviour Therapy

1606 words - 7 pages and using acquired skills to function better in everyday life. For myself, I found the skills within Dialectical Behaviour Therapy (DBT) treatment to best addressed the areas I was lacking. DBT was originally developed to focus on individuals suffering from Borderline Personality Disorder (BPD). As described by the National Institute of Mental Health, the criteria an individual must meet to be diagnosed with BPD are some of the following: extreme

Theoretical Change And Approaches To Therapy

1908 words - 8 pages and therapist. With this in my mind, that is why I have chosen to structure and modify PCT with other theoretical approaches in order to establish more stability and congruence. Cognitive Behavior Therapy (CBT) It has also been substantiated that change in cognition or realization of needs will also cause a change in behaviors and emotions. I totally agree that our emotions/behaviors are products of our perceptions of situations. I do

Borderline Personality Disorder And Dependent Personality Disorder

1547 words - 6 pages . Borderline personality disorder (BPD) and dependent personality disorder (DPD) are only two. Both of these disorders can be defined in part as having a strong emotional attachment to people and a need to be reliant upon others in some manner. Individuals diagnosed with DPD will often see themselves as unable to do everyday challenges in their life without the help of others. According to the DSM-V, “Dependent personality disorder is a pattern of

Borderline Personality Disorder Essay 1269 Words

1269 words - 5 pages ” treatment, which combines medication and group therapy (Ripoll, Luis, 2013). Borderline personality disorder can disrupt a persons life with the constant fear of abandonment, suicidal behavior, and erratic behavior; however, it can be combated with medication and group therapy. Where does borderline personality come from? According to the Diagnostic and Statistic Manual V, the disorder is fifty percent more common in primary relatives than in the