Brazil, officially the Federative Republic of Brazil, is widely known for football, women, the Brazilian Carnival, the Amazon, and the influential capoeira and samba. Little do people know there is more to the fifth largest nation in the world, exceeded in size only by Russia, Canada, China, and the United States (Poppino). In further reading of this paper, we will briefly discuss the history of Brazil, government and politics, the economy, and last but not least, the culture of sports.
Numerous archaeological sites near Amazonian towns suggest that Tupian-speaking Indians inhabited the coastal lands of Brazil around 9,000 BC. Farmers, fishers, and hunters and gatherers diversified the communities, and developed in the Amazon lowlands, whereas hunters and gatherers predominated in the drier savannas and highlands (Poppino). Up until European contact in the 1500’s, there were upwards of six million indigenous Indians that lived in the region at that time. Before being decimated by European diseases, the Tupians were considered the most important Indian influence in Brazils early colonial period. Many surviving Indians endured harsh treatment under Portuguese domination.
At the time, Portugal was experiencing a large economic failure and eyed South America as its way out. The potential to inhabit safe, fertile land was enticing to the struggling country. Upon arrival, the only thing worth trading was the vast amount of brazilwood trees the land produced. The new inhabitants used what the land produced for them and built homes near e beach that provided a steady state of food, and a well-situated transport route. With discovery of gold in the early 1690’s, Brazil was finally renowned for its trading potential and natural resources. Within a hundred year span, Brazil’s once prosperous gold source slowly began to deplete and limit itself in terms of numbers, leaving agriculture to be the country’s greatest asset.
With the arrival of Napoleon Bonaparte, the emperor of France, in 1807 followed by the Prince Regent, Dom Joao the country was destined for change. Dom Joao returned to Portugal in 1821, entrusting Brazil in the hands of his young son, Dom Pedro. With Dom Joao attempting to return to his rightful territory, the independence spark ignited with the rebellion of his son, further declaring independence from Portugal. The Napoleonic wars and French revolution greatly affected Brazil, even though the main events of those conflicts unfolded across the Atlantic (Poppino). In 1807, Napoleon invaded the British ally, Portugal to tighten its grip on the European blockade of Great Britain.
In 1820, the liberal constitutionalists initiated Constitutional Revolution in Portugal. This revolution led to the decision of creating the first constitution of the kingdom and demanded that King Dom Joao return from Brazil. On April 26 1821, King Joao entrusted his son, newly elected Prince Regent, Dom Pedro and returned to the homeland,...