Breast cancer is the second most prominent cause of cancer deaths in women. About 1 in 8 American women living in the U.S. will be diagnosed with invasive breast cancer sometime during the course of their life. About 39,620 of those women will die from it.
“Breast cancer occurs when cells in the breast divide and grow without their normal control” (Komen). There are two main types of breast cancer. Ductal carcinoma, the most common type which starts in the tubes that transport milk from the breast to the nipple, and lobular carcinoma which starts in the area that helps to produce milk called the lobules. “Breast cancer can be invasive or noninvasive. Invasive means it has spread from the milk duct or lobule to other tissues in the breast. Noninvasive means it has not yet invaded other breast tissue. Noninvasive breast cancer is called "in situ” (Zieve). Breast cancer is found on BRCA1 and BRCA2 genes which are located on chromosome 17 and 13. “There is a 90% chance of developing breast cancer for a woman that has these mutated genes” (Rivera-Varas). Mutations in this gene can be passed down to offspring by either parent.
Breast cancer can greatly impact the lives of a patient, their family, and close friends. Many times breast cancer can cause stress, low self esteem, and pain mentally and physically. Treatment can also result in changes to your body. For example, chemotherapy can lead to hair lost, visible scars will appear after surgery, and many people will also gain weight during or after treatments. This can furthermore be very upsetting to one and lead to major insecurities. “Research has shown that the sooner you confront the physical changes to your body, the easier you may find it to gain confidence in the way you look” (“Changes”). With enough support from loved ones, the process can become much easier, and confidence and healthy living will soon follow. Breast cancer is a lethal disorder. A person can die from breast cancer when their tumor grows and compromises the organ in which it is expanding in. The organ will fail when more tumors start up and the body will no longer be able to survive. If breast cancer is caught early on it is very much possible for the tumor to be removed and the patient to furthermore survive. It is very important for women ages 40 and older to get a regular mammogram screening every 1 or 2 years. This can help to reduce the number of breast cancer deaths by catching the disease early on. The mammogram is an X-Ray picture of the breast used to check women with no signs or symptoms of the disease. The Images can help discover tumors that cannot be felt.
It is way more common for women to develop breast cancer than men. Although it is very rare for men, it can still happen. The chances of receiving breast cancer will increase as one ages. The older a person is, the more likely they are to develop the disease. Having a family member with breast cancer can increase the chances of a person also getting it, but...