Imagine having a constant pain streaming through your teeth every day and night. You do not want to smile or show your decayed teeth for the fear of being ridiculed and judged because they are not healthy. This hinders your ability to express happiness because of self-consciousness arising due to unhealthy teeth. Dental erosion is a frequently occurring condition that is found in the mouths of many people. It can cause an extreme amount of harm to the teeth and gums and may also cause oral diseases if it is not treated correctly and quickly. Dental erosion is also commonly referred to as tooth enamel erosion or decay. There are multiple characteristics of humans that can cause dental erosion or speed up the time that it takes for the process of tooth decay to take place. Erosion of the enamel is a result of mainly biological factors, chemicals, and behavioral actions (Lussi & Jaeggi, 2008).
Many clinicians and researchers have been concerned about the condition of tooth enamel erosion for many years, which led them to discover that dental erosion has been increasing steadily throughout the world. “From the time of the children’s health survey in 1993 compared to 1997, erosion was shown to have increased” (Lussi & Jaeggi, 2008). “More tests and research based studies resulted in the information that erosion seems to be greater in older adults from 52-56 years old than it is in younger generations of people who range from 32-36 years old” (Luggi & Jaeggi, 2008). It has become an issue that many people are suffering from dental erosion without being aware of it. It is very difficult to detect in most cases because the ones that have erosion are uneducated about the issue that they are facing with their teeth (Luggi & Jaeggi, 2008).
“Tooth structure and positioning in relation to soft tissues and tongue are related to the pathogenesis of dental erosion” (Lussi & Jaeggi, 2008). The saliva and acquired pellicle are also biological factors that affect the enamel layer of the teeth. The pellicle is a protein-based layer that becomes removed when teeth are brushed with dentifrice or other chemical dissolutions. Pellicles reform quickly after they are removed and can be detected on the surface of teeth momentarily. The salivary mechanisms that are found throughout the mouth and throat can help dilute and clear erosive agents from the mouth, neutralize and buffer acids, and slow down the rate of erosion because it contains salivary calcium and phosphate (Luggi & Jaeggi, 2008). Aging can determine whether the salivary components will harm or help tooth enamel. It has been discovered that the elderly have dry mouth conditions and take medicines which reduce the amount of saliva being produced.
A vast amount of acids can be found in different beverages and foods. The erosiveness of a substance greatly depends on its pH level, along with different factors. “... the calcium, phosphate, and fluoride content of a drink or foodstuff determine the degree of...