Where & How Does This Faith Perspective Originate?
Christianity began within the Jewish faith. In 63 B.C.E., the Roman Empire made it's way to Palestine. The Romans stated they would stay out of the Jewish affairs, as long as they paid their taxes and aspired peace. However, many individuals, the Zealots, desired to overthrow the Romans. The common people believed a new king would save them from the Roman tyranny. In 6 CE, Judas, the Galilean led a revolt, but the Romans ended quickly, along with 2,000 Zealots' lives. Then in 66 CE an open revolt developed in Jerusalem, which the Jews won, but in 70 CE the Romans returned defeating the Jews, and began to make ...view middle of the document...
It also takes Jewish scriptures in the Old Testament, and the New Testament contains the stories of Jesus, and his suffering death. The same as the Jewish scriptures is the book of Genesis, which states everything made is good, and that Adam and Eva were suppose to live in harmony with their creator, but due to their persistence to be like God, all humans received the punishments: childbirth pain, spirant on their belly, men must work, and death.
Tenants of the Faith
The God-human relationship was meant to be a parent-child type of relationship. However, original sin ended that intent. Christianity consists of one God, made of three persons: Father, Son, and Holy Spirit. It comes down to two answers: Satisfaction and Christ the Victor. Satisfaction is someone must pay for the sin of human beings. Christ comes to earth to take human sin upon himself. His blood is shed as a substitute or offering. Old Testament sacrifice plays a part here. There are many similarities between the Passover story and the crucifixion. The Christ the Victor is Evil/the power of sin & the Devil oppresses the human family. The final word in the Genesis story of the fall is death. All humans must live under it’s shadow. Christ, by coming to earth, living, dying, and rising, defeats death for himself and all believers. Christ is the victor of evil forces which assail humans. It is important to remember that, for Christians, the unconditional love of God who sends his son to save humans from sin, is behind each of these explanations.
The World, Humans, and the Human Condition:
There are different explanations for Christ’s work, which depend upon the Genesis understanding of humans and the human condition. In Genesis, everything that is made is good. Adam and Eve are placed in a garden. They live in perfect harmony with their creator, and the only thing they are forbidden to do is eat of the tree of good and evil. However, they are tempted by a serpent, who stated they would become ‘like God’ and they disobey the prohibition to eat. So today we have many punishments; woman has pain in childbirth, serpent must crawl on it’s belly, man must work for what was previously given, and everything ends in death. The human condition is about rebellion. Humans seek to rise above their created place and control their own destiny. They wish to be their own Gods. Christians call this Original Sin and see it as the source of all evil in the world.