Clinical Psychology Essay

1795 words - 7 pages

Clinical PsychologyHave you ever wondered why people do the things they do or feel the way they feel? Sometimes when you see people you may not understand they are doing what they do or why they say the things they say. Psychologists are the people who figure out why people do what they do. They have many different treatment approaches and work with all different types of people. Becoming any type of psychologist may take a long time, but in the end when you know you are helping people get through their daily lives you know it's worth it.Psychology first appeared in the 1870s. Psychology is the science concerned with behavior, in both human and nonhuman animals. They study the intersection of two critical relationships: one between brain function and behavior, and another between the environment and behavior. Psychologists use scientific methods and use careful observation and experimentation and analysis. Psychologists diagnose and treat people, serve as consultants to communities and organizations, conduct both basic and applied research and teach future psychologists and those who will pursue other disciplines. They test intelligence and personality. Psychologists contribute to every area of society. We see them in schools and universities, courtrooms, prisions, laboratories, health centers, hospitals and many more places. Psychology is a very varied field, with one of the most popular fields being clinical psychology.American psychologist Lightner Witmer founded the first journal of the new field of psychology. He opened The Psychological Clinic, and coined the term clinical psychology in 1807. It became defined as "the study of individuals, by observation or experimentation, with the intention of promoting change". During World War I, psychologists became strong assessment specialists because of the development of the two intelligence tests, Army Alpha and Army Beta. These tests tested verbal and nonverbal skills. The growth of clinical psychology was slow throughout the following years. When World War II began, the military requested clinical psychologists again. (Helping Psychology in Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington, TX, http://directory.leadmaverick.com/) Clinical psychologists evaluated soldiers who returned from battle and noticed signs psychological distress. After the war, the U.S. Veterans Administration invested a large amount of money to create programs to train clinical psychologists at the doctoral level to treat the many veterans that needed treatment. Over half of all psychology PhDs were given in clinical psychology in 1950, when there were no programs in 1946. Today, approximately half of all clinical psychology graduate students are enrolled in Psy. D programs. Clinical psychology has grown steadily since the 1970s. Clinical psychologists are experts in psychotherapy and assessments. Careers in hospitals are the fastest growing employment opportunities for clinical psychologists. Clinical Psychology is Division 12 in the APA.APA...

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