Cognitive psychology is the study of mental processes such as attention, language use, memory, perception, problem solving, creativity, memory, decision-making, intelligence and thinking. Perception is concerned with the way we acquire knowledge. Attention is concerned with the acquisition and Memory is concerned with organizing and recalling knowledge that further helps us in learning, speaking and interaction, and the important aspect is as how we use the knowledge.
Assumptions of Cognitive Psychology:
Cognitive Psychology is closely related to the highly interdisciplinary cognitive science and influenced by artificial intelligence, computer science, philosophy, anthropology, linguistics, biology, physics, and neuroscience. According to cognitive psychologists, behaviour results from information processing in the mind. They use a computer metaphor for the mind while making comparisons between mind and computer “Like a computer, the brain takes in information, manipulates it, and then produces responses”. Computer and mind have a few components in common: input, processing, output, memory stores and limited capacity for the amount of information that can be processed at one time. In this way, internal mental processes are studied with the help of information processing model i.e.:
Cognitive science focuses on how people structure their experience and make sense of them and how they relate their current experiences with the past ones that have been stored in their memory. Meanwhile, a person fits new information in an organized network of already accumulated knowledge known as schema. A person’s behavior is governed by the stimuli present in the environment, how one perceives and interprets the information according to the schema or cognitive set and lastly the capacity of processing information in the brain.
Importance of Cognitive Psychology:
The study of cognitive psychology helps us understand other people and their thought processes. Cognitive psychologist work with patients to help them understand their thought processes so they can make positive behavioural changes. When an individual understands their own cognitive processes, they can analyze their thoughts before taking action.
Cognitive psychology helps teachers to adopt those learning styles that would be helpful for students. People choose different ways of learning methods so that they could be able to better comprehend the information e.g.: some can learn through audio devices while others are visual learners who prefer to read. Individual differences, however, occur in person to person because of their past experiences and different environment they are brought up in.
Cognitive Behavior Therapy (CBT) incorporates theory and research on cognitive processes. It is a type of psychotherapy (mental health counselling) which helps a person to become aware of and identify negative schemata and cognitive biases through collaborative...