Comparison Of Ideology Essay

1325 words - 6 pages

Margaret Thatcher
“The problem with socialism is that you eventually run out of other people's money” – Margaret Thatcher
Margaret Thatcher was born on October 13, 1925 in Grantham, England. Her father, Alfred Roberts, was one of the most important influences in her life and was the one who introduced her to the world of conservative politics. He was a devout Methodist, a local businessman, lay preacher and local mayor. They lived within the close community of the local congregation, surrounded by strong values of charitable work and personal honesty. She was later accepted to Oxford University to pursue a career of becoming a research chemist. Her views were deeply influenced by one of ...view middle of the document...

It did succeed in reducing inflation but many businesses failed and unemployment dramatically increased during her years in power.
Margaret Thatcher opposed the idea of the welfare state and her views on individualism are strongly expressed when she said that there was “no such thing as society.” Individuals should be self-reliance, be responsible for their own lives and that government should play a smaller role in order for people to feel motivated. She then continues that “it is our duty to look after ourselves and then also to help look after our neighbour...” It was her desire for people to be free in order to make more money for better support for themselves and their family and therefore for their neighbours. Even though, it results in weakening the society, however, it will also strengthen them economy wise. Most of her policies of individualism and supporting free-market were extremely daring in 1980s but it became her goal for the rest of her career.
“There is no such thing as society. There are individual men and women, and there are families. And no government can do anything except through people, and people must look after themselves first. It is our duty to look after ourselves and then to look after our neighbour.” – Margaret Thatcher
Margaret Thatcher’s ideology that leans towards strong individualism has caused its ups and downs. Critics despised her for her deficient of unified set of policies and for her cold-hearted and anti-worker policies. However, others claim her to be the saviour of Britain and worship her as the, “Iron Lady.” Due to her approach of stronger individualism, her set of ideals and principles have been identified as Thatcherism.
Mao Zedong
Mao Zedong was born on December 26, 1893 in Shaochan, in Hunan province, China. He came from a peasant family and worked as a full-time farmer when he was young. During his early years, he studied Confucian classics and enjoys reading popular historical novels related to rebellions and unusual military heroes. He rebelled against his father to gain education in Changsa. After working as a librarian in Beijing University, he began to read Marxist literatures and was converted in 1918. In 1921, Mao joined the Communist party becoming a leader in the 1940s. He was influence by strong emperors in earlier periods of Chinese history. He became a brutal leader and willing to do anything to achieve power even if it means poisoning and killing his enemies.
Mao Zedong was the father of Communist China and founder of the People’s Republic of China. He was a charismatic leader who was responsible for sending China into turmoil. Millions of people suffered from his policies of the ‘Great Leap Forward’ and the ‘Cultural Revolution’ of the 1950s and 1960s.
His ideals leaned more towards the extreme collectivist point of view where he set his several political initiatives that included land reform, the collectivization of agriculture, and the spread of medical services. In 1958,...

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