Crime And Deviance Left And Right Realism

1982 words - 8 pages

Within this essay there will be a clear understanding of the contrast and comparison between left and right realism, supported by accurate evidence that will support and differentiate the two wings of realism.

During the 1970’s to the early 1990’s there had emerged two new approaches to the study of crime and deviance. The discipline of criminology had expanded further introducing right and left realism, both believe in different areas and came together in order to try and get a better understanding on crime and prevention. There were many theorists that had influenced the realism approaches such as; Jock Young (Left Wing) and James Wilson (Right Wing).
Realism, in philosophical terms, refers to the concept that there is a reality beyond our perception. This means that how we see things and what we believe about them has no impact on the nature of said things. For example an individual may see an object as blue and another see the same object to be red, this is merely a disagreement between both parties about how they should label the colour. This wouldn’t mean that both parties are discussing different objects, this shows that no matter what individual’s beliefs or thoughts on the real world are only ever approximations and do not accurately capture reality. (O’Brien, M and Yar, M, 2008)

Right realism was originated around the 1970’s and was heavily influenced by politicians, originally it was believed to have originated in USA, by the policy makers and republicans, and were brought in to the UK by prime minister Margaret Thatcher. According to White et al (2012), those that supported the right realism had clear foundations, those being, to place responsibility for crime on the individual that had committed and reasserting the importance of punishment in responding to crime. White et al (2012) also explains that the conservative policy writers had utilised ‘sound bites’ to allow greater emphasis on their stance of crime, such as; stop and search, zero tolerance, three strikes and out and do the crime, do the time.
Those that believe in this approach oppose against rehabilitation and treatment of offenders and that they should be incarcerated, this would also act as a deterrent to potential offenders thus giving social control.
Charles Murray (1990) had developed a theory called the ‘underclass’, this theory categorises those living in poverty and defines them as non-working, inadequate and dangerous to society. Such writings have been an influence on the right realists and have a need to reinforce personal responsibility for an individual’s behaviour. Murray goes on to discuss two different types of underclass, firstly, the poor. These are people that only have low income but maintain their morals and standards and secondly, there are those with low income and their morals and standards match that. Those households with low standards are stereotyped as untidy and contain drunken and disorderly behaviour. He claims the men cannot keep jobs and...

Find Another Essay On Crime and Deviance - Left and Right Realism

"Left vs. Right" Compare and Contrast

816 words - 3 pages When we reach the voting age, some of us don't know which way to cast our vote, which party we like, which best supports what we believe in, or which party best outlines and stands for our way of life. Both the Conservatives and the Liberals want to improve healthcare, while taking opposite sides on gay and lesbian rights. In choosing a political party, both sides need to be taken into account. The left or the right may suite any one person, but

Difficulties Involved in Defining and Measuring Crime and Deviance

1053 words - 4 pages This assignment will discuss the problems between crime and deviance, what counts as crime and deviance and how it varies with place and time. It will include the difference and similarities and give examples of defining crime and deviance. Finally the essay moves on to looking at how to identify why official statistics do not reflect in today’s society and may not be totally accurate. Crime is usually looked upon as an infringement of

Sociology:Outline and assess Structuralist theories of crime and deviance

589 words - 2 pages All Structuralist theories of crime and deviance seem to suggest that crime is socially constructed rather than focused on the individual.Albert Cohen, combining Structuralist and sub cultural theories drew on Merton's idea of strain but criticized Merton's ideas of crime being an individual response and believed that he ignored non-utilitarian crimes such as vandalism and joy-riding. Cohen was particularly interested in deviance which was not

Cultural Criminology: A New Perspective to Understanding Crime and Deviance

2602 words - 10 pages Cultural criminology is a relatively new perspective and approach to understanding crime and deviance. Cultural criminology first began to develop in the 1990s and rapidly progressed in to a new field of criminology that is both influential and informative. The core concept of cultural criminology is built upon by using traditional approaches from different disciplines such as sociological studies, cultural studies, symbolic interactionism and

Left and Right Brain Dominance and the Impact on Learning

1095 words - 5 pages Left and Right Brain Dominance and the Impact on Learning The idea of left-brain and right-brain dominance derived from a study performed by a neuropsychologist by the name of Roger Sperry (1954). Based on this study it was gathered that each person learns and thinks by using mainly one hemisphere of their brain. Some people are right-brain dominant and some are left-brain dominant. There are also some that think with part of each side. These

Realism and Neo-Realism

1163 words - 5 pages INTRODUCTION The most historically entrenched theoretical perspective in international relations theory is that of classical realism. Surprisingly though classical realism was not sensationalized in the international relations arena until World War II despite its existence in fifth-century Athens. Many great philosophers such as Thucydides, Machiavelli and Hobbes developed the basics of classical realism and in 1948 Hans J. Morgenthau made

Left Brain vs. Right Brain and Their effect on Learning

986 words - 4 pages of the earth. However, these aptitudes have led to a bad reputation of the western world, making us materialistic and controlling without feelings. Whereas the right brain is viewed as being connected more to nature, which is frequently correlated with the eastern hemisphere lifestyle. The left brain is also linked to how people view politics. Since the left hemisphere tends to prefer straight forward information and less willing to be tolerate

What is Left After the Right : The Brain and Learning

1169 words - 5 pages office and gets everything done, wrong! Maybe their frontal lobe never quite developed properly!     All of these parts communicate using synapses. ( Chudler, 1996) These are like small electrical impulses that push our thoughts around. The brain is often broken down into two parts the left and the right. The left being Logical, Mathematical and a knack for languages. The Right side being more prone to Idea’s, dreams and music.     We are all

Cognitive Learning and Right Brain vs. Left Brain

1066 words - 4 pages if right versus left-brain dominance impacts how we use our cognitive skills. What is cognitive learning and why is it vital to humans? Cognitive is defined by unabridged dictionary as the “mental processes of perception, memory, judgment, and reasoning, as contrasted with emotional and volitional processes”. Learning is the act or process of acquiring knowledge or skill. After thoroughly looking at both definitions I have determined that

The Left and Right at the Birth of Weimar Germany

802 words - 3 pages The Left and Right at the Birth of Weimar Germany From the general chaos and unrest that followed the Kiel Mutiny in late 1918, the centre-left emerged to lead Germany into a new era of democracy. Philipp Scheidemann, a key figure in the moderate SDP, declared a Democratic Socialist Republic from a balcony in Berlin on 9th November 1918. However, the whole of Germany was not behind him, since simultaneously, and from a

Marx and Durkheim’s Views Contributed to our Understanding of Crime and Deviance?

981 words - 4 pages deviance in society allows moral borders and boundaries to be structured around social assumptions of deviant behaviours and what’s considered right and wrong. The subsequent responses to these types of behaviours promote social unity and encourage social change. David Downes and Paul Rock proposed that crime should be viewed and a necessary factor that is a ‘healthy social phenomenon’ in societies. This shows that Durkheim sparked the

Similar Essays

Sociology: Outline And Assess Left And Right Realist Explanations Of Crime Deviance

711 words - 3 pages copewith the statusfrustration and marginalization.Hughes notes that left realists should be valued for the challenge they posed to radical criminology's thinking on the issues of intra-class and intra-ethnic crimes.Left realism has drawn attention to the brutalising effects of street crimes in the inner-city and the fact that some theories of crime have romanticised offenders, it has highlighted the effects of crime for victims, a group neglected by

Crime And Deviance Essay

1491 words - 6 pages This paper explains the different sociological perspectives of deviance and in the essay I had compare each perspective to the movies that we watched in class dealing with crime.The movies that were mentioned in this essay were-"Menace II Society""News from a Personal War" documentary"The Secret History of Street Gangs" documentary"Good Fellas"and "City of God".There were also some references on the book "1984" by George Orwell.There are many

Assess Marxist Theories Of Crime And Deviance

626 words - 3 pages Marxism is a social structural theory. This means that marxists, like functionalists believe that society and the way it is structured are the main causes of crime. Unlike functionalists, who argue that crime and deviance are inevitable in all kinds of society, marxists argue that crime is only inevitable in capitalist societies and that capitalism by its very nature is criminogenic. Marxists view law as part of the superstructure, which in

Left Versus Right Brain And Learning

1047 words - 5 pages Left versus Right Brain and Learning Each person has a governing hemisphere and once learning becomes a technical process, the idyllic portion of the brain takes charge of solving the issue at hand. There are two sides of the brain, which directly influence learning and produce different ways of receiving, storing and responding to information which ultimately affects our whole learning process. The cerebral cortex is broken down into two