D Day, The Beginning And The Key To The Fight To Take Back Europe.

4585 words - 18 pages

IntroductionJune 6, 1944 will be remembered for many reasons. Some may think of it as asuccess and some as a failure. The pages following this could be used to prove either one.The only sure thing that I can tell you about D-Day is this: D-Day, June 6, 1944 was thefocal point of the greatest and most planned out invasion of all time.The allied invasion of France was long awaited and tactfully thought out. Formonths the allied forces of millions trained in Britain waiting for the Supreme Commanderof the Allied Expeditionary Forces, General Eisenhower to set a date. June 6, 1944 was tobe the day with the H-hour at 06:30. Aircraft bombed German installations and helpedprepare the ground attack. The ground forces landed and made their push inland. SoonOperation Overlord was in full affect as the allied forces pushed the Germans back towardsthe Russian forces coming in from the east. D-Day was the beginning and the key to thefight to take back Europe.Preparations for D-DayOperation Overlord was in no way a last minute operation thrown together. Whenthe plan was finalized in the spring of 1944 the world started work on preparing thehundreds of thousands of men for the greatest battle in history.By June of 1944 the landing forces were training hard, awaiting D-Day. 1,700,000British, 1,500,000 Americans, 175,000 from Dominions (mostly Canada), and another44,000 from other countries were going to take part.Not only did men have to be recruited and trained but also equipment had to bebuilt to transport and fight with the soldiers. 1,300 warships, 1,600 merchant ships, 4,000landing craft and 13,000 aircraft including bombers, fighters and gliders were built. Alsoseveral new types of tanks and armoured vehicles were built. Two examples would be theSherman Crab flail tank and the Churchill Crocodile.On the ground Britain assembled three armoured divisions, eight infantry divisions,two airborne divisions and ten independent fighting brigades. The United States had sixarmoured divisions, thirteen infantry and two airborne divisions. With one armoureddivision and two infantry divisions Canada also contributed greatly with the war effortespecially when you look at the size of the country at the time. In the air Britain's onehundred RAF squadrons (1,200 aircraft) paled in comparison to the one hundred andsixty-five USAAF squadrons (2,000 aircraft).The entire Operation Overlord was supposed to go according to Montgomery'sMaster Plan which was created by General Sir Bernard L. Montgomery. His plan wasinitiated by a command system which connected the U.S. and Britain and helped themjointly run the operation. His plan was to have five divisions act as a first wave land on thesixty-one mile long beach front. Four more divisions as well as some airborne landingswould support the first wave. The beaches of Normandy would be separated into fivebeaches, codenamed, from west to east Utah, Omaha, Gold, Juno and Sword. TheAmericans would invade the two westernmost beaches,...

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