Darwinists And Dissenters Essay

1830 words - 8 pages

Did God create the universe or did the universe create itself? Ever since Charles Darwin’s On the Origin of Species was first published in 1859, the debate between those that believe life was brought into existence by supernatural means and those who believe in Darwin’s theory of evolution has been fierce. Each side presents compelling arguments that may sway any uneducated reader to agree with their position based solely on the confidence they portray in their writings. However, because of the vastness and strength of evidence presented by the proponents of modern evolutionary theory, Darwinists have proved their point much greater than those who argue in favor of Intelligent Design. In this essay, four arguments will be presented; two that are pro-Darwin and two which are pro-Intelligent Design. Each of these arguments will be evaluated based on their assumptions, logical structure, and uses of evidence. Having said that, before these arguments can be discussed, the reader must first have a basic grasp on the two main theories, Darwinism and Intelligent Design, which is how this paper will begin.
In order to explain the controversy surrounding Darwin’s theory of evolution, one must first understand the topic itself. In 1859, Charles Darwin published his magnum opus, On the Origin of Species, which shed light on the fact that animals and plants living today have slowly evolved from ancestral creatures through the mean of natural selection. In his book, Darwin defines natural selection as the “preservation of favourable variations and the rejection of injurious variations” (Darwin, 75). He believed that this process was a very long, drawn out one that is invisible to the naked eye and can only be seen after a great deal of time has passed (77). However, in 1972, Niles Eldredge and Stephen Jay Gould presented a model of evolution which theorizes that a species does not change over a long period of time, but at some point changes very rapidly as a result of environmental stress (Prindle, Controversy: The Pace of Evolution). This theory is called punctuated equilibrium. Darwin’s theory and its modern advancements are the crux of this essay, which makes it imperative that the reader understands them before discerning the arguments for and against it.
Although Darwin’s theory is widely accepted throughout the scientific community, there is a very strong dissenting faction that believes the universe and all of its living organisms have been created miraculously by a supernatural entity. The umbrella group that encompasses those who believe in this philosophy are known as creationists. There are two main types of creationists: Young Earth Creationists and Intelligent Design Creationists. Young Earth Creationists believe every single part of the bible to be true. They believe that the geological formations seen on earth today are the result of Noah’s flood, and that the geology stating earth to be 4.5 billion years old is incorrect, because they...

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