Dependency Theory Essay

929 words - 4 pages

Dependency theory appeared in the 20th century 50`s. The main topics that are included in dependency theory are historical materialism connected with other critical traditions, a partnership between developed countries and developing countries, interaction between a core and a periphery. Dependency theory mainly is used to talk about Western societies and Third World countries.
Foundation of the dependency theory is Marxism, also it prefigures post- structuralism, and the dependency theory stands for opposite opinion about economical growth and its affect, than neoliberals do. The Dependency theory doesn’t look at economical activities from positive side, especially when it is done by world’s richest countries. Richest countries economical activities always affect poorer countries, especially they cause economical problems. The dependency theory has evolved from two main sources, first is from the United States and other is from Latin America. In the United States the dependency theory developed because of the socialist journal Monthly Review, where neo- Marxist thoughts were summarized and were published a publications about different social organizations. Previously the dependency theory was called as theory of monopoly capitalism, but later it was recalled as we know it now. The thought about the dependency theory rose from observed stagnation in the Third World, where bourgeoisies were acting like they want and did not take into account other opinions. If school of neo- Marxist thinking was more connected with bourgeoisies, capitalist imperialism, stagnation then the second source of the dependency theory from Latin America concentrated more concrete about economic. The central element of input of Latin America was critical radical economic thinking. Latin America had huge economical problems, so the thought of dependency theory developed faster. Thanks to popularity of dependency theory in Latin America, there was an interest about it from other countries. Andre Gundre Frank was one of the writers who spread the dependency theory farther.
The dependency theory is closely connected with external problems and other external factors that could affect countries` foreign policy, economical system and situation, for example, resources and colonial control. The periphery countries are closely connected

with actions what happen elsewhere in the world, because those countries are dependent on other countries and their economical situation.
The main thing whit what dependency theory is different from other theories that is connected with development is that it divides world countries into groups. The dependency theory shows the partnership between two sides – core and periphery, or metropole and satellite. The core consist of developed countries who have recourses and economical and political power, but the periphery consist of countries like the Third World, from countries which need economical help from other countries or organizations,...

Find Another Essay On Dependency theory

Theories about Development and Modernization Essay

1569 words - 7 pages building and social modernization such as fostering entrepreneurship and achievement orientation” (Pieterse, 2010, p. 6). As a whore, there are three theories that can be used to explain about development which is Modernization Theory, Dependency Theory, and World System Theory (refer to Figure 1 in Appendix 1). Modernization Theory The first theory to explain about development Theory of Modernization introduced by Walt Whitman Rostow that

International Political Development During the 20th Century

1702 words - 7 pages Modernisation Theory 1950s-1960s Modernisation emerged in the late 1950s and early 1960s; it was constructed from a newly profound position that was taken by America in terms of its international hegemony based on the concern to eradicate social problems faced by poor countries. However in the late 1960s there was an involvement of the US in Vietnam due to modernisation programs that failed. This led to the emergence of a Marxist dependency

Dependent Personality Disorder: According to the Biopsychosocial Theory

1566 words - 6 pages personality disorder. Similar to Freud's psychoanalytical reasoning, dependency issues may stem from the oral stage of infant development.According to classical psychoanalytic theory, dependency results from fixation inthe oral stage of development. Infants who were either frustrated or overindulged in this stage may later develop dependency behaviors. The child becomes dependent on the interactions between themselves and their caregivers, which later

Government and Politics - Crisis of Development Discourse

1664 words - 7 pages The Crisis of Development Discourse     The rise of development theory has been an interesting phenomenon.  In the latter half of the 20th century, many theorists have tried to explain the origins of "under-development."  The debate over the idea of development has been intense, and has led to the emergence of two contending paradigms:  Modernization theory and dependency theory.  Upon close investigation, one realizes that both theories

Paper

895 words - 4 pages After the Soviet Union fell in the 1990s, Post-soviet nations politics had no direction. Since the fall of the Soviet Union, the dependency theory has played a major role in international Post-Communist politics. The dependency theory contains three major elements in which it affects politics. The first one is that foreign organized interests influence the decision making process. The second element is that there is a clientelistic relationship

Development in El Salvador 1980-2000

4829 words - 19 pages antithesis of Modernization, known as Dependency Perspective.The Dependency PerspectiveThe Dependency Perspective emerged in the 1960s, and is very much and extension of the previous economic designs of Vladimir Lenin and Karl Marx. What is unique about dependency theory is that it is the first theory of development to emerge from the non-developed world. Dependency theory was largely a product of Latin American scholars and very much reflects

Cyber Mission Assurance – Defining a Framework

1171 words - 5 pages assurance plans provide methodology for developing mission-cyber dependency mapping framework based upon previous dependency mapping research. Theoretical Framework The theoretical framework for this study is grounded in the theory of fault tree analysis (FTA) developed in 1962 at Bell Laboratories by H.A. Watson (Ericson, 1999; Rechard, 1999; Winter, 1995). Significance It is important to understand how a particular risk can affect operational

World Politics

1337 words - 6 pages thrive on their own. Another theory that deals with the underdevelopment of the third world is the dependency theory. This theory is a structural theory based around the structure of the global economy and marketplace affecting the third world. This theory has the main issue being that they are very dependent on the first world and are set in a certain circumstance by the first world. The idea used to be that the third world would become what the

Does Bilateral Aid Benefit the Country's Economy?

1488 words - 6 pages get rid of poverty and dependency is by ensuring that aid reaches as many people as possible. Currently, however, the procedure for bilateral aid means that money only ends up in the hands of the government and is poorly regulated. 2.2 Dependency theory and its relation to growth In order to further build the idea of ineffective aid dependency theory and its correlation to economic growth must be discussed. Dependency theory has its origins in

Which Provides A More Accurate View of the Global Economy

2706 words - 11 pages According to dependency theory, governance of the global economy has been marked by asymmetry and skewed in favour of developed countries and multinational corporations while developing countries survive “at the margins”. This essay will seek to examine the basis for this point by extracting examples from the real world and comparing the theory with the neoliberal theory in providing a more accurate view of the global economy. In defining

Taking a Closer Look at the Modernization Theory

1141 words - 5 pages ] ). Contrary to what Rostow said , the dependency theory emphasizes that the so-called underdeveloped countries are in no way a reflection of today's developed at an earlier stage of developing countries as the international context in which they operate , which of also radically transformed their structure has changed dramatically over time. Therefore, the Third World countries cannot follow a development process similar to that of industrialized

Similar Essays

Modernization And Dependency Theory Essay

2603 words - 10 pages Modernization and Dependency Theory A clear and advanced look at the two theories leaves one with the assumption that they are related and therefore they can be discussed together. This is attributed to the fact that they both argue from the same point of development and that development of a nation can only be reached at by ensuring the acquisition of new techniques. In addition a country on its own cannot acquire the advanced

"Critically Analyse One Theory To Explain The Global Political Economy" I Examined The Dependency Theory

2562 words - 10 pages ABSTRACTThere are no universal truths in political theory. This essay is about Dependency Theory and its use to explain the global political economy. Dependency Theory is a political interpretation of the way economic systems impact on the Less Economically Developed Countries. . As a theory it is an activist for change but also a means of understanding the world order and it is for these reasons I chose it above other theories I examined. I

What Is Dependent Development? What Are Some Of The Limitations Of The Dependency Approach? Discuss With Reference To One Or More Countries

2167 words - 9 pages Introduction The theory of dependency was initially developed in late 1950s under the guidance of Raul Prebisch - the Director of the United Nations Economic Commission for Latin America - in order to explain serious economic problems, such as poverty, economic exploitation and influence in policy actions, which happened in the poor countries in Latin America because of the development of the neighborhood developed countries (Ahiakpor 1985

Copernicus Essay

509 words - 2 pages "It was perhaps in the world of thought that the revolution accomplished from Copernicus to Newton was most profound. It has been called the greatest spiritual readjustment that the human beings have been required to make" (Palmer 297).Ancient conception of the cosmos had been based on the geocentric theory, a theory that claimed that bodies within the solar system revolved around the Earth. This belief had generally been unquestioned since the