Pre Implantation Genetic Diagnosis Essay

1413 words - 6 pages

In today’s advanced world, modern technology has enabled humans to accomplish tasks once thought to be purely science fiction. We live in a world today where everything is instant and customed designed. Who would have ever thought that one day parents would be able to design their children? Pre-implantation Genetic Diagnosis (PGD) is a “process [that] involves taking a 3-day-old embryo and pulling one of its six cells to test for genetic markers of disease.” (Edmonds). Although this process is meant to help to discover harmful diseases or complications like cancer, the idea of parents using this process to give their children what they consider “ideal traits” comes into question. Even though parents have a right to do what they think is best for their children, parents should not be allowed to genetically engineer their children because it can create new social and economic distinctions as well destroy the idea that everyone is created equal no matter their differences.
When the technology needed to complete the PGB becomes more widely available, the process will be expensive. Because of the likely high cost, this process will not be easily available to everyone. When this happens, only families who are well off financially will be able to afford to “enhance” their children’s features. Children from rich parents will have traits that are thought to be superior. Eventually this will cause a distinct separation between social classes. Those who are genetically engineered will be seen as more valuable because of their enhanced traits as opposed to those who are not. An example of this can be seen in the movie Gattaca. There are two classes of people in the movie, those who are genetically engineered to be stronger, smarter, and even better looking and those who are born naturally. When the main character, Vincent Freeman, is classified as an invalid, or a person who is born without the trait enhancements, he is treated like he only useful of menial jobs. In order to attain higher level jobs you had to have been born with these enhanced traits. The separation of classes was clear. Those who were genetically engineered were considered superior and those who were not, were only useful for menial positions.
Another example is in Brave New World. In the civilization, people were genetically made in factories. Although they purposely created five distinct social classes, there is still a lessoned to be learned. They had somehow learned how to control how embryos would develop and what kind of people they would eventually become. The point is, those who were chosen to have enhanced traits were at the top of the social classes. Those who traits were minimal were at the bottom. Due to this social distinction and separation, only those who were genetically enhanced were considered for higher level positions.
If the process of PGD becomes a popular practice, then the wealthy will surely take advantage of this opportunity to better their children as any...

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