Detecting Fetal Abnormalities Through Ultrasound Essay

2680 words - 11 pages

Detecting Fetal Abnormalities Through Ultrasound
Birth defects can have life threatening consequences for the fetus. Many birth defects can be detected during pregnancy by an ultrasound. Some of these abnormalities include abdominal wall defect, orofacial cleft, anencephaly, and down syndrome. Although at this time ultrasound is the safest way to observe a fetus, risks are still associated with it.
An ultrasound is a test that sends sound waves into the woman’s abdomen or vagina in order to create an image to observe how the fetus is developing within the womb (“Pregnancy Ultrasound,” n.d.). Some of the many names for an ultrasound include pregnancy ultrasound, babi, obstetric ultrasonography, and an obstetric sonogram. The ultrasound can be done in either a hospital, doctor’s office, or a clinic (“Pregnancy Ultrasound,” n.d.). An ultrasound can performed transabdominally or transvaginally. A transabdominal ultrasound is performed over the woman’s abdomen and usually takes about 30-60 minutes. A transvaginal ultrasound is when the transducer is inserted into a woman’s vagina and it typically takes 15-30 minutes. A transducer is a handheld tool which is also called a probe. This is placed against the mother’s abdomen and helps to create the image of the fetus during a transabdominal ultrasound. During a transavigal ultrasound this probe is inserted into the woman’s vagina (“Fetal Ultrasound,” n.d.). The test is performed by using a gel which is water-based and a probe, or transducer, to transmit the sound waves. The sound waves hit the baby and in return create an image. A full bladder is often used to help create a good image. The only discomfort to the mother would be when pressure is placed onto her full bladder, she cannot feel the sound waves (“Pregnancy Ultrasound,” n.d.). “A pregnancy ultrasound may be done in the first trimester to confirm a normal pregnancy, determine the baby’s age, look for problems, such as ectopic pregnancies or the chances for a miscarriage, determine the baby’s heart rate, look for multiple pregnancies (twins, triplets, etc.), [and] identify problems of the placenta, uterus, cervix, and ovaries.” (“Pregnancy Ultrasound,” n.d.). During the second trimester an ultrasound is done to look for structural anomalies, birth defects, and to measure the size and age of the fetus (CDC, 2011a). The complete results of the ultrasound are typically not available until 1-2 days after the test. Normal results do not always guarantee a 100% healthy fetus. Ultrasounds do not show all birth defects and do not always determine the accurate age and weight of the fetus. Many factors can affect the result of the test, some of these include: an overweight mother, the presence of feces or air in the rectum or intestines, “an abnormally low amount of amniotic fluid, some fetal positions, [and] a very active fetus” (“Fetal Ultrasound,” n.d.). The phrase “abnormal results” has many meanings. Abnormal results can...

Find Another Essay On Detecting Fetal Abnormalities Through Ultrasound

Fetal Alcohol Syndrome Essay

1775 words - 7 pages prevention is important; expectant mothers need to know the background information about the syndrome, some common symptoms, signs, and treatments, and the mental and physical abnormalities that will occur because of this lifelong syndrome. The term, Fetal Alcohol Syndrome, was first described in 1973 after recognition of a specific patter of craniofacial, limb, and cardiac defects in unrelated infants born to alcoholic mothers. Since the term was

Effects of Ultrasounds Essay

2088 words - 8 pages familiar with: Transvaginal Scans, Standard Ultrasound, Advanced Ultrasound, Doppler Ultrasound, 3-D Ultrasound, 4-D or Dynamic 3-D Ultrasound, and Fetal Echocardiography. They each perform and do different techniques, however still focus on the same idea. A Standard Ultrasound is a traditional ultrasound exam which uses a transducer over the abdomen to generate 2-D images of the developing fetus. An Advanced Ultrasound is also an exam and is

Fetal Alcohol Syndrome

1372 words - 5 pages every year than Down syndrome, cystic fibrosis, spina bifida, and Sudden Infant Death Syndrome combined. This completely preventable birth defect is found in all ethnic groups and socioeconomic classes around the world, however it does occur 30 times more in Native Americans than it does in whites, and is six times more common in blacks. Alcohol is a teratogen, a substance capable of producing fetal abnormalities. When a pregnant woman drinks

advanced pregnancy

1243 words - 5 pages completely absent amniotic fluid around the fetus who was in transversely lie with good fetal heart rate. On examination, the patient was conscious with stable vital signs. Abdominal examination revealed tenderness on the left hypochondrial region and easily palpable fetal parts .The pelvic examination revealed a well-formed firm cervix. Abdominal ultrasound scan revealed an empty uterus with extrauterine placenta adherent to the fundus of the

Principles of Physics in Ultrasound

2554 words - 10 pages doctors to see inside the body with little or no surgery. Without such equipment doctors would be forced to use invasive techniques, which could cause patients more harm as it increases the risk of infection. A sound or ultrasound wave consists of a mechanical disturbance of a medium (gas, liquid or solid) which passes through the medium at a fixed speed. Sound waves consist of a disturbance of air molecules, the

Diagnosis Of Medical Conditions: Ultrasound

749 words - 3 pages the ultrasound and in turn makes surgery easier, which is why the New Zealand Medical Journal should nominate ultrasound as the most important piece of medical equipment in use today. Secondly, Glass-Body with Colour Doppler is another technique used in echocardiography through ultrasound. 2D and Colour Doppler provides a volume data set with structural and hemodynamic information of the fetal heart. This data can be rendered in three ways, grey

Maternal Age and Down Syndrome

2551 words - 10 pages high risk of carrying a child with Down syndrome. In most cases, a blood test is carried out during the sixteenth week of pregnancy to screen for spinal bifida, Down syndrome and other chromosomal disorders. Currently, the first trimester test includes an ultrasound and blood test. An ultrasound or nuchal translucency-screening test shows the physician if abnormalities are present because there is a higher concentration of fluid that collects in

Fetal demise

1319 words - 6 pages , particularly if the infections are not treated. “Infection has been associated with 10% to 25% of stillbirths....many of these are vaginal flora that reach the upper genital tract through the cervix. They may infect the decidua and chorion, eventually reaching the fetus through the amniotic fluid” (Silver, 2009). Some of the infectious organisms are Escherichia coli, Klebsiella, group B Streptococcus, and Mycoplasma hominus. They can lead to fetal death as

Ultrasound 2

3264 words - 14 pages provide more choice (Annandale & Clark, 1996). While others highlight the potential for ultrasound scanning to disempower women through the mechanism of possible social control and possible effects on women’s reproductive rights (Draper, 2002; Petchesky, 1987; Zechmeister, 2001). Empirical research suggests routine ultrasound scans are welcomed by most women (Evans, 1985; Ekelnin, et al., 2009; Garcia, et. al, 2002; Harris et al., 2008) who

The responsibilities of haveing children. This covers (although in not much detail) almost all the aspects one should look at before having children and while pregnant

5414 words - 22 pages their unborn babies.""Although ultrasound during pregnancy is used extensively, there is little published on adverse fetal effects. We undertook a cohort study including men born in Sweden from 1973 to 1978 who enrolled for military service. We estimated relative risks for being born left-handed according to ultrasound exposure in fetal life using logistic regression analysis. Eligible for the study were 6,858 men born at a hospital that included

Skewed Sex Ratio in India: Stopping Female Foeticide

2257 words - 9 pages BSTRACT: Through this paper, I would like to address the heinous act of female foeticide practiced at an alarming rate in various Indian states. I would like to focus on how the phenomenon of selectively eliminating female foetus is not dying away, but rather is emerging as a new disturbing trend. I even wish to highlight how with rapid advancement, technologies such as ultrasound and pre-natal diagnosis are being misused in order to find the

Similar Essays

Ultrasounds: A Necessity During Pregnancy Essay

2083 words - 8 pages also detect a birth defect. There are many different birth defects that can be detected by an ultrasound during pregnancy like Spina Bifida, Down syndrome, and abnormalities with the heart and lower urinary tract, and the importance of detecting them with an ultrasound is shown in the benefits of discovering the birth defect early, and the options it gives the parents after discovering the birth defect. A neural tube is a tube that begins

Ultrasound Scan Essay

2635 words - 11 pages menstrual period dates, screen for or diagnose some fetal abnormalities, estimate fetal weights and growth patterns as well as ascertain fetal health and placental perfusion (Akihito & Atsuko, 2002). Though the clinical advantages and reliability are debatable in certain cases (Akihito, & Atsuko, 2002; Kilby, 1998) routine ultrasound before twenty-four weeks has been proven to enable earlier diagnosis of multiple pregnancies and is associated with

The Role Of Feotus Echocardiography As Part Of Prenatal Ultrasonographic Screening, During Pregnancy In Detecting Congenital Heart Defects

1630 words - 7 pages Fetal echocardiography is indicated in high risk pregnancies where the chances of fetus having a congenital heart disease (CHD) are likely to be high - for exapmle, in a fetus with extracardiac anomalies picked up on obstetric ultrasound, those with a history of CHD in family, maternal diabetes and maternal connective tissue disorder (Srinivasan,2000). Congenital heart defects are abnormalities in the heart's structure that are present at birth

Ultrasound Technology Essay

1541 words - 6 pages crystals. When these crystals are cut to a specific shape they become an important part of the ultrasound system. They can contract in one direction and expand in another when an alternating electric current is passed through the crystal. Each Piezo-electrical crystal has its own resonant frequency and when the electric current is applied, it will oscillate and vibrate at that exact frequency. So the same crystal can be used to send and