Food is one of the most important factors determining the rise of human civilization. Long ago, the psychologist Abraham Maslow introduces his concept of a hierarchy’s needs. He claims that it is only after a community’s basic needs are met, that people can move on to developing safety and security (1). The recent global financial crises implicate for financial and economic stability, and so on food security because the global food system is very vulnerable. World Economic Forum Report 2013 stated: `Global food and nutrition security is a major global concern as the world prepares to feed a growing population on a dwindling resource base, in an era of increased volatility and uncertainty. ` Thus, measures to `improve food security have never been more urgently needed` (2).
The main task for every government starts to be how to provide sustainable and healthy food supply, and protect its population against foodborne diseases. Marc Danzon stated that: `one of the most important steps is the coordination of policy–making to ensure that the food policies of all sectors give the proper priority to public health` (3). Many organizations are involved in the area of providing food security since the World Food Conference in 1974 defined food security in terms of food supply-assuring availability and price stability of basic foodstuffs at the international and national level (4).
Therefore the safe food is a precondition for the protection and promotion of health many organizations were, and are involved in efforts to mitigate the effects of foodborne illnesses on public health. The most influential is the World Health Organization (WHO). The WHO works closely with the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO), the World Organization for Animal Health (OIE), and other international organizations to address food safety issues along the entire food chain. The Department of Food Safety and Zoonoses (FOS) provides leadership in its efforts to lower the burden of diseases from food and animals across the globe (5). In 2004 WHO launched the International Food Safety Authorities Network (INFOSAN) as an early warning, communication and prevention system which enables rapid access to information during the food safety emergencies (6).
In the European Region there are a lot of documents that outlines the addressed the policies about food supplies, food safety and nutrition, and also about mobilization resources for activities on poverty and health (7, 8). Across the ocean, in the USA the food safety legislation recently has been changed and that action initiated numerous discussions (9, 10, and 11). In the United States of America (USA) there are a great number of federal, state, and local agencies which share responsibilities for regulating the safety of the food supply. The combined efforts of the food industry and government regulatory agencies often are credited with making the U.S. food supply among the safest in the world , but despite...