Diabetic Medications Essay

3493 words - 14 pages

Isophane (NPH) (Humulin N) (Novolin N) (ReliOn N)

Lispro (Humalog)

Aspart (Novolog)

Detemir (Levemir)

Glargine (Lantus)(Lantus SoloStar)

Glulisine (Apidra)

Regular (Humulin R)(Novolin R)(Regular insulin)(Velosulin)

Glimepiride (Amaryl)

Glipizide (Glucotrol)

(Glucotrol XL)

Glyburide (DiaBeta) (Glynase)

Pioglitazone Hydrochloride (Actos)

Dosing: IV or SC Dose: Available in 100 NPH units/mL SC vials. Also available in combination with regular insulin in 50/50 and 70/30 proportion. ADULTS: TYPE II diabetes: 10 units/day SC at same time each day. Typical insulin dose is .5 -1.0 units/kg/day. Administered SC. PEDS: SC qd/bid. Individualized dose depending on patient. Adolescents may require higher doses. Decrease dose in renal or hepatic impairment. Is a short acting insulin needs to be given 30-60 min before meals or bedtime. Onset 1-2 hrs. peak of 4-14 hours

Dosing: SC or IV. ADULTS: Usual insulin dose .5 – 1.0 units/kg/day PEDS: Usual insulin dose .5 – 1.0 units/kg/day Administered <15 min. before or immediately after meals. SC or via insulin pump. IV in clinical setting only. The dose needs to be adjusted in renal or hepatic impairment. Is a fast acting medication and should be taken within 15 minutes of eating and immediately after mixing. SC onset is <30 minutes, peak 30-90 minutes. Should include longer acting insulin for type I or oral dose for type II
Dosage Form: SC ADULTS: Normal insulin requirement is .5 – 1.0 units/kg/day. PEDS: older than 2 y.o. Need an individualized dose SC. Give this medication <15 minutes before a meal or via SC insulin pump. Dosing may need to be adjusted for renal or hepatic impairment Onset is less than 15 minutes, peak 1-3 hours. If using medication SC, a longer acting insulin for type I or oral for type II. It may me mixed with NPH insulin in syringe

Dosage form: SC: TYPE I ADULTS: use with short –acting or rapid insulin. Start with 0.1-0.2 units/kg SC qpm or with 10 units SC qd-bid for insulin naive patients with Type II diabetes. PEDS: Over 2 years old. Dosing is individualized SC. Typical insulin requirement is 0.5-1 units/kg/day. Dose may need to be decreased in renal or hepatic impairment. Onset is 1 hour, there is no true peak and duration lasts 6-23 hours. Patients with type II may are advised to use this medication with oral or rapid, short-acting insulin. Should not mix Detemir with other insulin in same syringe.
Dosage form: SC ADULT Dose: TYPE I ADULT: individualized dose per patient. Usual insulin dose is .5 – 1.0 units/kg/day. TYPE II ADULT: Begin with 10 units SC qhs, then increase by one unit/day until FPG reached <100 mg/dL. May be used with oral or rapid/short acting insulin PEDS: 6 years and older individualized dose SC Use with rapid or short-acting insulin. Onset one hour, there is no true peak,...

Find Another Essay On Diabetic medications

Care Management Plan: A Newly Diagnosed Diabetic Patient

1018 words - 4 pages Type 2 diabetes mellitus is a growing disease in the United States. When developing a care management plan for new diabetic patient, several areas of education and resources should be considered. The purpose of this paper is to describe a hypothetical care plan for a newly diagnosed diabetic, including case management model used, initial and ongoing educational needs, and data collection and evaluation. Case Management Model Jane Doe has

Living with Diabetes Essay

1232 words - 5 pages if that is not enough, there are medications that can be taken. RQ4 what medications are there? Type II diabetes usually starts out with an oral medication that helps the cells absorb the excess sugar in the body, the medications sensitize the cells so they are more productive, often times in a diabetic person, the cells do not recognize the sugar therefore they do not know what to do with it. One of the signs of diabetes is excessive urination


1278 words - 6 pages Among Diabetic Patients Treated with Pioglitazone. American Medical Association. Malviya N, Jain S, Malviya S. (2011). Antidiabetic Potential of Medicinal Plants. Acta Poloniae Pharmaceutica-Drug Research, 67(113-118). Mitri J. and Hemady O. (2009, September). Diabetes Medications and Body Weight. Informa Healthcare,8(573-584). Mukesh R., Namita P. (2013). Medicinal Plants with Antidiabetic Potential – A Review. American-Eurasian J. Agric. & Environ


1125 words - 5 pages . Although a lot of diabetes drugs are already available commercially, many people are still seeking for less expensive and safer treatments. The commercially available diabetes medications such as insulin are costly and have different side effects. The World Health Organization recommends the use of traditional and plant based medicine for the management of diabetes mellitus (WHO, 1994). The Department of Health (Philippines) is also promoting the use

Insulin Degludec; a New Long-Acting Insulin

862 words - 4 pages , long-acting insulins are utilized with meals as a subcutaneous injection. Long-acting insulin can also be combined with oral anti-diabetic hypoglycemic medications as is done with type 2 diabetes. The two current and commonly long-acting insulins are; insulin glargine and insulin determir. These types of insulin are referred to as long-acting insulin and called such because of the slow, prolonged absorption over a 24 hour period

Living with Diabetes: The Benefits of a High-fat and Low-carbohydrate Diet

3383 words - 14 pages physicians but medical education itself. In a Time Magazine article (Kluger, 2009), 1600 out of 8900 Harvard professors admitted to having lucrative (and currently legal) business deals with pharmaceutical companies that could bias their teaching and research practices. The Times also found that doctors who take money from the drug companies are more willing to prescribe medications versus alternative approaches. Because of this, many diabetic


2332 words - 10 pages using ambulatory BP monitoring (ABPM),and in those with diabetes as a OBP <130/80 mmHg and a ABPM >125/75 mmHg (11). The prevalence of MHT is accepted as 8-10% among the general population. Among the diabetic population masked hypertension prevalance is increased about two to six times in comparison to general population. In the current literature, MHT is associated with increased macrovascular and microvascular complications in patients with DM

Quality of Care in Student Run or Free Clinics

2427 words - 10 pages work toward target blood pressures. All of the SFHCC diabetic hypertensive patients are taking an ACEI or an ARB, as per the JNC VII recommendation, but the majority of them are still not controlled. Attention to the management of this high risk group of patients is imperative. Despite the use of low cost ($4/month) or free medications, 50% of SFHCC patients still remain out of control. The use of free medications does not appear to affect

Diabetes Mellitus: Insulin Defficiency

1558 words - 7 pages occurs in the waistline. Waistline expansion is also another sign of unhealthy habits, and must take careful and serious precautions. Also watch for weight gain in the thighs. ("NC WiseOwl Home Page." NC WiseOwl Home Page. N.p., n.d. Web. 16 Mar. 2014. (Print)). Medications are a big part of diabetes; they help keeps the proper levels where they need to be. But the unusual thing is, there are some medications that can cause a person to diabetes or

Living with Diabetes: Why Diabetics Should Ignore High-Carbohydrate Dietary Recommendations

3038 words - 13 pages prescribe medications versus alternative approaches. Because of this, many diabetic patients have dangerous oral medications thrust upon them and are not even aware that there are other options. The more sinister conclusion is that pharmaceutical companies have no vested interest in finding a cure for diabetes. This is largely because drug companies fund most research and putting money forth to find a cure would cause loss of money, but keeping

Childhood diabetes

1679 words - 7 pages diabetic, over 90% of their insulin producing cells will not produce insulin anymore. There are ways that allow diabetic patients to manage their disease so that they can live a normal life like any other person. The diabetic patient may need to take insulin injections to give them energy, so they would need to test their sugars and then proceed with the injection. They also have a diabetic medications that can help your pancreas produce insulin

Similar Essays

Diabetes: Diabetic Emergencies Essay

1337 words - 5 pages , medications, stress, and illness. A person with diabetes may not feel well when their blood sugar levels are too high or too low – this in turn may lead to a diabetic emergency. What is the causes/effect of a diabetic emergency? 1. Causes of high blood sugar (can lead to diabetic coma) – missing a dose or not taking enough of diabetic medication, inactivity, eating a meal or snack with too much carbohydrate, stress, illness, and hormonal changes

Type 2 Diabetes Essay

855 words - 4 pages their feet, arms, legs, hands, or face, diabetic with neuropathy have to take pain medications every day or every other day just to stay out of pain (Diabetes Data & Trends. (n.d.). The pain could hit them the worst at when the weather is real bad. Amputation Most diabetics that have amputation are cause by their neuropathy. The neuropathy shut down and causes the bones and cells to die in their limbs. More than 60 percent of people with diabetes

A Diabetics Best Friend Essay

1303 words - 5 pages levels. A loss of hand eye coordination, present during the drop of sugar levels, makes it difficult to take the medications needed to be stable. Therefore diabetic alert dogs are not only trained to detect seizures but also are trained to retrieve glucose medicine, medication, or the telephone. The training of this sort requires years of expensive work, which severely limits the number of people who can be paired with dogs. There is an estimated

Patient/Family Education Teaching Guide: Health And Disease Management

640 words - 3 pages Topic/Purpose: This handout will describe diabetic eye disease and complicationsAll people with diabetes need to get a dilated eye exam at least once a year. Diabetes is a serious disease that causes problems like blindness, heart disease, kidney failure, and amputations (Pottinger, 1997). But by taking good care of yourself through diet, exercise, and special medications, you can control diabetes. Diabetic eye disease, a complication of