Driving Force Behind European Imperialism In Africa

901 words - 4 pages

By 1885, little to no independent countries existed throughtout the whole African continent. This was due to the imperialism done by strong European countries. Britain, France, Germany, Italy, Portugal, Belgium, and Spain are to blame. There are many possible contributing factors as to why the European countries decided to completely carve up Africa, split it up, imperialize the whole of the continent. Because of the need for resources Africa could supply, the European desire for power, and the European's reaction to the White Man's burden, they took control of almost every square mile in Africa through imperialization.
One of the main reasons Europeans colonized Africa was for their ...view middle of the document...

But the ever growing thirst for power prompted them to imperialize Africa as well. Most countries have a main goal to become bigger and bigger and more powerful as time goes on. That has been true for forever with every nation and country. Power is naturally always something people and nations strive towards. John Ruskin said "She [England] must found colonies as fast and as far as she is able, formed of her most energetic and worthiest men; seizing every piece of fruitful waste ground she can set her foot on, and there teaching those her colonists ... that their first aim is to be to advance the power of England by land and sea," (Ruskin). Freidrich Fabri also said "should the New German Reich wish to prove and maintain its newly won position of power for a long time....", (Fabri 265). Both of these quotes show how European countries cared about how much power they had. England and Germany obviouisly wanted to be powerful, so other countries wanted to be as well. Europeans wanted power very much, but they also felt like they were superior to Africans, and they felt the weight of the White Man's burden.
The countries in Europe thought the White Man's burden was a strong enough reason to imperialize Africa. Europeans had a sense that they were better than the African people and that it was their duty to help the "heathens" in Africa. A poem written by Rudyard Kipling called "The White Man's Burden" says "Take up the White Man's burden...Your new-caught, sullen peoples, hald-devil and half child [heathens] take up the White Man's burden - the savage wats of peace - fill full the mouth of famine and bid the sickness cease," (Kipling). By Kipling...

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