Early Life Of M. Gandhi And His Background.

2613 words - 10 pages

Mohandas .K. Gandhi well known as "Mahatma"(great souled) was the great founder of the Principle of Non-Violence as a political way of life. Gandhi was born on the 2nd October 1869 at Porbandar. He was born into both a political and religious family, in that his father at that time was the prime minister of the city and frequented the temple often when he was not at his political works. His mother on the other hand, was well informed about matters concerning the state and observed the fasts and religious teachings of the church.In Gandhi's early childhood, he was very shy and avoided talking to people so he ran home immediately school was adjourned. Books were his only companion and this was seen by the various prizes and scholarships he won in school. He hated sports and only participated in cricket when he was forced to by the sports teacher. He also took interest in sacred books through his sanskirt lessons, which were a form of pastrol class that the Asian would indulge in.At an early age of 13 years Gandhi got married to Kasturba a young simple, independent and persevering lady. Here we see him taking his first responsibility as a husband. At 16years of age his father passed away due to long term illness; this saddened Gandhi because of his close relationship with his father.Gandhi later decided to follow in his fathers Gadi(official work) going to England (London) to study his first degree in Law from the years 1887-1893.The caste elders and religious leaders were proud of Gandhi's efforts but were not happy because they thought that his values would be compromised. Despite this Gandhi promised to keep away from meat, women and alcohol, which he did during his stay there. When he was in London he got responsibility as the chair of the Executive Committee of the Vegetarian Society, where they met and talked about the religious teachings and values. He also got acquitted with the Gita and learned some Christian teachings that he found very interesting (Beatitudes).Gandhi is guided by values and ideas that remained throughout his life thus giving reason for his great admiration from the preceding leaders. The principle of Non-violence shows how one must eliminate anger and ill for self-analysis and self purification purpose therefore overcoming good from evil, right from wrong. He used Non-Violent /civil resistance to clarify and enlarge the understanding of freedom. He was governed by Satyagraha, which was a movement that excluded non-violence, whereby people would fight by using soul force/truth force instead of body force to bring change in the society. In his encounters he was arrested and beaten several times but despite this he continued with his efforts to bring change to the society. Gandhi's ethical position came from actions as well as reflection. His basic approach was based on his tool-ahimsa and Satyagraha.Ahimsa means non-violence, showing how an individual may not offend anybody regardless of their liking towards them. Here we...

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