Environmental Psychology Essay

920 words - 4 pages

The environment affects everything a person does. The environment has different affects on people from the environment a person can see changes in our emotions, body temperature causing some to be frustrated. Environmental psychology is "a behavioral science that investigates, with an eye toward enhancing, the interrelationships between the physical environment and human behavior (Veitch & Arkkelin, 1995, p. 4)." This paper will investigate environmental psychology and how they process the environment into human behavior and other factors. Will be discussing two theoretical approaches and how research is important in the field of environmental psychology.Environmental Psychology is a study on affect of human and their surrounding environment. Psychologist look at how the environment affects a person through behavior patterns, mental images, change in a person attitude. These changes are important when looking at environmental psychology. "Environmental psychology studies include: architectural psychology, ecological psychology, environment-behavior studies, environmental design, environmental social sciences, environmental sociology, human-environment studies, socio-architecture, and social ecology (Fisher, 2007)." Psychology helps several professions to work together to help improve the human environment on two levels micros level and the macro level the Micro level is a personal level this helps people as individual to make their home feel more homely and more pleasant to live in. As for the Macro level this level is more of the whole community work and function better (Fisher, 2007).Two theoretical approaches to environmental psychologyThe stimulus load theories believe that humans have a limited ability to process information. When a person has reached this limit, they is more important to focus on and ignore other information. These theories believe that Sometimes "the organism's capacity to deal with the environment is overtaxed or even depleted (Veitch & Arkkelin, 1995)." For example, If a person who is returning home from his or her job, he or she are dealing with many different issues on the way such as other cars and road signs and radio sounds. These we see as distractions. When a person becomes exhausted they begin to focus on the main objected of arriving home. Once we have reach our limit and our attention abilities has been drained The "behavioral after effects including errors in judgment, decreased tolerance for frustration, ignoring others in need of help, and the like, can be accounted for by these theories (Veitch & Arkkelin, 1995)." Under stimulation in the environment can also have a behavior effects. For example, cabin fever, and people in prison. The environment in which a person is in can be seen through person actions. Whether it be stimulus drained from rush hour driving or under-stimulus attention, for example, living on marine ship for eight months without any stimulus.Environmental-stress theories suggest...

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