Many people in present day are trying to understand the concept and practice of leadership. The concept of leadership is equivalent to ensure the influence in school and manage the change and organizational structure. There has been the gigantic amount of literature lately about the school leadership. However, many people still misunderstand the concept of leadership. In order to learn the concept of leadership, people required to do more than reading just some literatures or fantasizing about what great the leaders should be.
School leaders are those people, occupying various roles in the school, who provide direction and exert influence in order to achieve the schools’ goals (Leithwood & Riehl 2003). In this essay, the school leadership will be explored through many scholarly journals and literature in order to clarify the word school leadership as much as possible. In addition, as Spillane (2005) claimed that leaders typically have interaction with others the discussion in this essay focus on human resource management, building professional work team and strategies future professional development in the area of school leadership and the relation of those aspects.
Leaders are thought to be essential for high-quality education (Leithwood & Riehl 2003).
Professional leadership defined as providing direction, process, and coordination to members of an organization for the purpose of attaining the organization’s goals (Mastrangelo 2004). The leaders have the crucial roles to guide and influence all the members in the school community to perform in the same and appropriate manners and achieve the educational aims. The literature on leadership, regardless of tradition, has focused mostly on those in formal school leadership positions, chiefly on the chief executive officer or in the case of schools, the school principal (Spillane, Havelson & Diamond n.d.). Normally, the principal or school head will be recognized as the school leader, nevertheless, the school leader can be anyone in the school community who support and strengthen the goals of the school. The purpose of leadership is the improvement of instructional practice and performance, regardless of role (Elmore 2000). School leadership of the 90’s requires facilitative leadership that empowers others and values diverse discourse as a means of reaching better decision (Logan 1998). There is the tremendous stress toward the school leaders because the futures of all students depend their responsibilities to perform their abilities of leadership. Leaders can spell the difference between being good and being great (Thomas & Cheese 2005). The school leaders should know the students needs and provide them the best.
School Leadership and Human Resource
Educational leaders influence the development of human resources in their school (Leithwood & Riehl 2003). There are many duties that the school leaders have in the aspect of human resource. Firstly, school leaders...