Emphysema Essay

935 words - 4 pages

Emphysema is a chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). The name emphysema comes from greek. There are about 20 million victims that suffer from this disease every year. This sickness is mostly caused by smoking. A cigarette has more than 4,800 chemicals inside it. There is about 70% of adults that start to smoke at the age of 18. (lung.org)

Statistics say that cigarettes are the highest reasons that emphysema is the cause (health central). Strong chemicals that people smoke like tobacco release chemicals from the patients lungs and damage them. The reason why cigarettes are a cause of emphysema is because it has tobacco in it and there is many people that smoke. Tobacco is a green plant and it grows in warm weather. Tobacco also cause other illnesses like lung cancer. Patients body has many cells , if the patient is healthy the person only produces new cells when its needed , patients that have this illness destroy the cells that is needed in the body. If patients don’t get treated as soon as they find out the lungs damage more as the time passes. Emphysema is the fourth reason of patients dying . Emphysema often occurs after the age of 35. Lungs have 90 percent that is filled with pure air and just 10 percent is solid tissue . Another cause for this disease is genetic syndrome. Genetic syndrome are caused by DNA genetics, which people get from parents. Usually a bad chronic cough is the first and major symptom of emphysema. Patients usually get bronchitis before being diagnosed with COPD. Bronchitis is inflammation in the mucous membrane and bad coughing . Some patients can have a wierd sound of breathing they feel like boogers are rising in the mouth .

Symptoms that Doctors look for is lack of breath, a really bad cough with mucus, feeling tightness in the chest ( know copd). Chest pain is common but not usually a big problem , tightness in the chest might be a different problem. Doctors. take CT scans of the patients , draw blood from there wrist. Doctors check how the patients send oxygen to the lungs. Most Doctors do spirometer , A spirometer is a test that measures the patients air they can exhale. Most patients have morning headaches , tend to lose weight , ankles swell , and trouble sleeping.

Causes for emphysema is mostly smoking. Cigarettes is mostly tobacco , which is bad for the lungs . Marijuana can also cause this chronic disease , marijuana is a green gray mixture of crumbled up leaves stems and seeds . Bad pollution is also a cause . When having this effect when the patient is laying down they're still out of breath (Mayo clinic ) .The patients fingernails may turn blue gray , some may even lose memory . Some patients lips turn blue gray .

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