Establishment Of Needle And Syringe In Prisons

2131 words - 9 pages

Introduction
The purpose of this essay is to indicate how the needle and syringe program in prisons will benefit the Australian government as well as the wider Australian community. As well as the maintenance of NSPs can be maintained while acknowledging concerns of those against it. Needle and syringe programs (NSP) are aimed at intravenous drug users, so as to prevent and limit blood borne diseases like HIV/AIDS and hepatitis. These NSP programs help drug addicts by supplying needles and also through referrals and provide education among other services. All these efforts are made to control the spread of blood borne diseases like Hepatitis and AIDS in Australian population with 872 Blood Borne viruses reported 4th quarter 2013(Quarterly Surveillance Report Notifiable Sexually Transmissible Infections and Blood-borne Viruses in Western Australia, Government of Western Australia, Department of health period ending Volume11(1) 31st of December 2013). Blood borne diseases being a major concern all around the globe and prisons being a hub for these diseases its best that NSPs are introduced in prisons.

About Blood borne diseases

Benefit to government

Most effective method:
In Australia the Government uses three methods to tackle drugs; Demand reduction, supply reduction and harm minimization. Needle and syringe programs are under harm minimization category. Supply reduction is focused on drug dealers and drug makers and is brought about by law enforcement. In the Demand reduction method it is tried to decrease the number of people taking drugs through anti-drug advertisements and campaigns, legislation, rehabilitation centers. On the other hand harm minimization recognizes the fact that drugs can never be eradicated from society and thus it aims to reduce harms associated with drugs and harm, a common example of such method is needle and syringe program. (Australia’s drug policy-google).Even the UNAIDS and WHO know that it is unfeasible to believe that drugs can be wiped out. Thus in their opinion its best to focus on health promotion strategies that can bring about a decrease in the spread of blood borne diseases. .( Okie, S 2007, 'Sex, drugs, prisons, and HIV', New England Journal of Medicine, vol. 356, no. 2, pp. 105-108.).The effectiveness of NSP programs is visible through the statistics; between 2000 and 2009 , NSP’s deterred 32000 new HIV infections and 97000 Hepatitis C infections(Australian Government National Drug Strategy 2010).
Cost effective:
The best part of NSPs is that they are cost efficient and therefore won’t drain the treasury. Funds of $243 million were spent on NSPs resulting in $1.28 billion savings in healthcare expenditure. (NCHECR, 2009). In-text: (Sciencedirect.com, 2010) Bibliography: Sciencedirect.com, (2010). People who use drugs, HIV, and human rights. [online] Available at: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0140673610608306?np=y# [Accessed 27 Mar. 2014].

Whereas the drug control methods (e.g...

Find Another Essay On Establishment of Needle and Syringe in Prisons

A Comparison of the Establishment of Genre and Narrative in Two Crime Films

3734 words - 15 pages A Comparison of the Establishment of Genre and Narrative in Two Crime Films In this essay I will compare how genre and narrative are established in 2 crime films. The main iconography of this genre is fairly easy to identify; props such as guns, latex gloves, sirens, rain are used frequently in Hollywood crime films such as Se7en (1995). The conventions of this genre are also fairly easy to recognise: detectives with

Visions of Prisons in the Future

2471 words - 10 pages with the rest of their family" ("Prison Systems History" 2001). Debtors' prisons changed in the 19th century, and thus began the horror of punishment for crimes. "19th century governments imprisoned people who were awaiting trial or punishment whereupon they would receive the more common capital or corporal types of punishment. Common punishments at that time included branding, imposing fines, whipping and the death penalty" ("Prison Systems History

History of prisons in the United States

798 words - 4 pages In the early years going to prison for a crime was not common. When people committed crimes, they were punished by corporal punishment, forced labor, social ostracism, and many far worse punishments. People began using imprisonment as a form of punishment after the American Revolution. In England these practice of imprisonment been taking place since the 1500s in the form of dungeons and other detention facilities. Prisons were one of the

The Overcrowding of Prisons and Jails

1732 words - 7 pages policy was acknowledged by President Nixon, the population in our prisons grew at an exponential rate. The judicial system was buckling down on different drug offenses such as crack-cocaine, marijuana and opium. In 1985 marijuana was marked as the nation’s “number one problem” when it came to drug abuse. More people started using excessive amounts of marijuana since there was a decriminalization law. Eventually, it reached a high of sixty-four

Future Visions and Communication of Jails/Prisons

683 words - 3 pages Future Visions and Communication of Jails/PrisonsWhat is the future of the prison system in the United States? At present time there is still much scrutiny on America's prison system as to they way they were years ago. The rehabilitation and the recidivism rates are believed to be the most important of all to a functional jail system, not to mention the structure of the entire system itself. Direct supervision of jails seems to be the main focus

Critically assess the role of terror and violence in the establishment of the Nazi dictatorship between 1933 and 1939

2382 words - 10 pages Critically assess the role of terror and violence in the establishment of the Nazi dictatorship between 1933 and 1939After Adolph Hitler was appointed chancellor on 30th January 1933, Germany witnessed the rapid transformation of the Weimar republic into the single - ruling Nazi Dictatorship. Between the years 1933 - 1939 Hitler was able to attain the legal framework needed to single handily rule Germany and remove all major aspects of

The Common Factors that Led to the Establishment of Totalitarian Regimes in Italy and Germany in the Inter-War Period

1358 words - 5 pages The Common Factors that Led to the Establishment of Totalitarian Regimes in Italy and Germany in the Inter-War Period Totalitarian regimes refer to the type of government in which the State has total control over all aspects of people's life. Main features include an infallible leader, planned economy, strict party discipline, strong armament, an official doctrine that everyone has to believe, and absolute obedience of

The Establishment of Institutional Economics and Analysis of Agricultural Development

1855 words - 8 pages VII. The Use of Institutional Economics to Explain Agriculture in Developing Countries Recently, we have seen considerable structural changes in the agricultural sector. Within developing countries, there has been a shift of agricultural production from an industry primarily dominated by family-based and small-scale farms and firms, to that of large firms. Originally, farmers located in developing countries were not linked to customers and

The Establishment of the English colonies in America

1169 words - 5 pages The English colonies in America were established for a variety of reasons including economic and religious factors. Other reasons for colonization include the desire to expand the British Empire, establishing order, protecting colonies and to rehabilitate debtors.Religious factors that contributed to the establishment of the English colonies occurred in Massachusetts, Rhode Island, Connecticut, Pennsylvania and Maryland.In England, due to Henry

The Establishment of Hitler's Dictatorship and Its Legality

1313 words - 5 pages The Establishment of Hitler's Dictatorship and Its Legality The career of Adolf Hitler was marked by a spectacular rise to power. He went from being a nobody in the streets of Vienna to the supreme leader of one of the most powerful nations on earth. Hitler came to power through a combination of legal means and backroom politics. The events leading up to the rise of the Nazis and Hitler are prime examples of the myriad

The Ottoman Empire and the Establishment of OPDA

2261 words - 9 pages workforce involved in OPDA. PART I The Ottoman Empire and the Establishment of OPDA In its last two centuries the Ottoman Empire suffered several crises from various aspects. The dissemination of nationalist ideas among its minorities, lost wars also territories, signing of treaties which added to the deteriorating position of the Ottoman Empire vis-à-vis European states. During the two centuries before its final breakdown the Ottoman had lost many

Similar Essays

The Establishment Of Communism In Eastern Europe

997 words - 4 pages The establishment of communism in Eastern EuropeIn the outcome of the Second World War, Europe was demolished, especially Germany, both the Soviet Union and the United States emerged as the embryonic superpowers. One of the superpowers, United States, concentrated on the rebuilding of Western Europe by setting up democratic governments while the Soviet Union proclaimed their authority over Eastern Europe. The development on both Western and

The Establishment Of Communism In Eastern Europe

997 words - 4 pages The establishment of communism in Eastern EuropeIn the outcome of the Second World War, Europe was demolished, especially Germany, both the Soviet Union and the United States emerged as the embryonic superpowers. One of the superpowers, United States, concentrated on the rebuilding of Western Europe by setting up democratic governments while the Soviet Union proclaimed their authority over Eastern Europe. The development on both Western and

Establishment Of Mortgage In A Transition Economy

836 words - 3 pages As we know, the acquirement of real estate is one of the most expensive goods. Its purchase, in fact, cannot be made by means of current incomes or accumulations of consumers. In new economic conditions therefore the problem of maintenance of the population with house cannot be solved without application of mechanism of long-term crediting. Most precisely constructed and fulfilled system of such a credit now is considered mortgage

The Establishment And Rise Of The Jesuits

1783 words - 8 pages At the turn of the 1500’s, the Society of Jesus, also known as the Jesuits, began. It’s founder, Ignatius Loyola, created this society very distinct from other orders, in its “fanatical” obedience to the pope, and requirement of education to be a practitioner in the Society. The Jesuits played a large role in counter-reformation, specifically Protestantism. The Catholic Church used the Jesuits to reclaim many of the souls lost to the heresies