24 March 2014
Ethical Issues Concerning Hydraulic Fracturing in the Petroleum Industry.
In these present days we have a lot of ethical issue in our day to day living going from conflict of interest all the way up to cutting corners in the petroleum industry. A good example of an ethical issue would be why fracking is bad, which I find to be very dangerous and could lead to various disasters such as loss of life, danger to the community and thereby leading to bad credibility.
In this paper I would be talking about Fracking and why it is bad, because like I stated before it is a very delicate issue and must be treated with great importance. Firstly, Hydraulic fracturing is the process of injecting fluid into the ground at a high pressure in order to fracture shale rocks to release oil and gas from it. In order to Perform hydraulic fracturing, we will need a lot of water and chemicals, a mixture of water and over 200 chemicals like hydrochloric acid, Lead and Uranium and so are used to create a fluid called fracking fluid which like I stated before will be injected under high pressure down the well to the desired place of fracturing. As the injected pressurized fracturing fluid goes down through the well some of the chemical like methane gas and toxic chemicals leak out from the system and contaminate nearby groundwater. Methane gas concentrations are 17x higher in drinking-water wells near fracturing sites than in normal wells, and only 30 to 50% of the fracturing fluids are recovered from this process of hydraulic fracturing. Most cities get water from their aquifers which are located underground, and once the fracturing fluid goes through the well and chemicals leak out into the water table an environmental event may occur. We have to understand that cities, town and local Communities around the drilling site are in danger of using contaminated water in their daily activities, be it water used for dinking, or water used to cook. Another factor apart from water is our food supply, for instance the targeted Marcellus shale field which hydraulic fracturing is currently being used to produce the field is underneath a prevalently farming area which could potentially harm the livestock and endanger farm productivity.
Secondly, Air is also polluted from the gas that leaked during the process of hydraulic fracturing. The waste products are let into open air and it evaporate there by leading to dangerous volatile organic compounds into the atmosphere, which contaminates the air causing acid rain and an increases in global warming which is dangerous to the wellbeing of man. In a recent article by the (National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration) NOAA confirmed that there are high rate of methane leakage from natural gas fields Prevents any climate benefit of natural gas. This pollutions will ultimately in the near future make life difficult for us as a community and as a nation.
There have also been some baffling...