Ethiopia Essay

2632 words - 11 pages

TOPIC: Ethiopia
Introduction paragraphs
The history of Ethiopia’s development.
Ethiopia brief history in the colonial era.
Body paragraphs
1. First paragraph
Economic development since 2000 till present and agriculture as the major contributor
Growth theory,
Examples of theories and strategies; growth model, structural model
2. Next paragraph
Factors that affect development as a general process in Ethiopia, Strategies implemented by the government and policies on the economic development and economic growth challenges.
Examples of the Ethiopian government policies and strategies use thus far to boost the local economy.
3. Next paragraph
Successes and failures of economic strategies implemented by the government o Ethiopia
Conclusion
Recap on the discussion, highlight the important factors discussed and summaries the papers and what was the aim of the paper.

Introduction
Ethiopia an African country officially known as the Democratic Republic of Ethiopia, and famously know as one of the oldest location of human life to scientists. Ethiopia is located in the horn of Africa (east of Africa). It is argued that Ethiopia was the only African country to defeat a European colonial power and retain its sovereignty as an independent country. It is argued that Ethiopia was conquered by Italy in 1935 and regained its independence in 1941 on the 5th of May and the ruler of that era was Halie Selassi. Ethiopia’s major economic contributor is the agriculture sector with a 46% of gross domestic product and a labour force of 85% by agriculture (Ethiopia’s gross domestic product by sector). Ethiopia is a federal republic state this means that there is no monarch and that the state exercise democracy. The current head of state of Ethiopia is Mr Mulatu Teshome, was elected in October 2013.

Ethiopia is amongst several Sub Saharan countries that are facing poverty and economic issues. It is argued that Ethiopia’s economics has been drastically uncontrollable.” it is tragic to see that Ethiopia is still one of the least developed nations in the world” (Menyah and Wolde-Rufael, 2013:263). Issues such as the countries politics, population growth, poverty, high unemployment rate, diseases, and corruption, climate hazards issues and has also been involved in was like they had clash with The Eritrean–Ethiopian War took place from May 1998 to June 2000 between Ethiopia and Eritrea. “The economic costs to both countries have been enormous, and the political implications for the two leaderships and the region remain unresolved (White2005: 93). Ethiopia’s argue that their main economic incomes comes from the agricultural activities, so as the Gross Domestic Product of the country is boosted by agriculture. Ethiopia is rich in agricultural products, such as coffee, pulses (beans), oil seeds, cereals, potatoes, sugar cane and vegetables. These agricultural products contribute to the export, and economic development of...

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