Causes And Treatments Of Schizophrenia Essay

1333 words - 5 pages

A large number of the homeless population consists of the mentally disabled. About one third of people that are homeless have a disease called schizophrenia or they have manic depressive disorder. Schizophrenia is a long term mental disorder that breaks down the connection between thought, emotion, and behavior. This leads to faulty perception, withdrawal from reality, delusions, inappropriate actions and feelings, and the sense of mentally being broken into pieces. Schizophrenia actually means split mind. My great grandmother was diagnosed with schizophrenia and curiosity provoked me to find out the chances of me unfortunately inheriting this gene. This disease affects one percent of the population and has been called the cancer of the mind. There is a lot that we know about schizophrenia, yet a lot that we still need to find out. Learning more about this topic and the symptoms that arise from it will help me be able to detect any episodes or warning signs of my family members developing it. Since there are several factors that influence the causation of this disease, knowing the environmental protections needed to be taken in order to prevent it would help greatly. I would also like to learn about the treatment options available and the optimal choices that there are to choose from. Antipsychotics are widely used for patients with schizophrenia, but are there alternative forms of treatment that could help or even be better? Schizophrenia may only affect one percent of the population, but in the U.S. that is a total of about 2.4 million people. Since it influences so many peoples lives and there is not a cure for this disease yet, I believe that research on this psychological disorder is pivotal on helping the homeless find homes and become mentally stable.
Schizophrenia is broken down into different types depending on the symptoms shown. What is more commonly known about are people with paranoia schizophrenia. These victims are affected by delusions and hallucinations. Delusions are false beliefs that the person either oppresses, pursues, or is harassed by in some way. Hallucinations are things a person sees, smells, feels, or most commonly hears(NIMH). Most individuals with this type of schizophrenia hear voices. Another subtype of schizophrenia is disorganized. Disorganized schizophrenic’s speech, or behavior is disorderly. They may present themselves as having no emotion or they could show inappropriate emotions and actions. The next type of schizophrenia is catatonic. These schizophrenics are immobile, show purposeless movement, and/or parrot like repeating. The last group of schizophrenics are diagnosed with an undifferentiated type. They do not meet the criteria for paranoid, disorganized or catatonic schizophrenia. Patients with schizophrenia are often treated with antipsychotics such as risperidone. In research conducted by the Japanese Society of Psychiatry and Neurology the efficacy and safety of switching from risperidone to...

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