Formation Of United Nations And Canada's Involvement.

879 words - 4 pages

September 1945: Gouzenko AffairOn Sept. 5, 1945, just after the end of the Second World War, a Russian cipher clerk named Igor Gouzenko (pictured left) fled the Soviet Embassy in Ottawa with 109 documents proving the existence of a Soviet spy ring in Canada. His revelations reverberated throughout the world and helped to ignite the Cold War. Some of those revelations reported that results of atomic bomb research might have been leaked to the Kremlin. The Government of Canada immediately placed Gouzenko and his family under protection and Prime Minister Mackenzie King told his British and American allies of the situation. All three leaders, Prime Ministers King and Attlee and U.S. President Truman, decided to keep the affair secret until real evidence was found. The Gouzenko Affair that revealed the existence of a Soviet spy ring in Canada is an event of national historic significance. For Canadians, it marked the beginning of the Cold War and an awakening of anti-Communist sentiment. Indeed, it made Canada, as well as other nations, recognize the changing relationship with the USSR and the chilling of the world's political climate. The Gouzenko Affair sparked legal proceedings and a Royal Commission in Canada, becoming a milestone in the debate on State security and civil liberties; in the long term, it resulted in the reorganization of the national security system.Canada has been an active and committed participant in the United Nations since its founding in 1945 in San Francisco, where Canada played a key role in the drafting of the Charter. Individual Canadians have played vital roles within the United Nations, and many of the Organization's great accomplishments have had a Canadian part. For example, fifty years ago John Humphrey was the main author of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights; Lester Pearson helped to invent the concept of peacekeeping, winning the Nobel Peace Prize for his efforts to resolve the Suez Crisis of 1956; and Maurice Strong chaired both the 1972 United Nations Conference on the Human Environment, and the 1992 United Nations Conference on Environment and Development, and also served as founding Executive Director of the United Nations Environment Program. Canadians have occupied key positions within the United Nations System, including the Presidency of the General Assembly (Lester Pearson, in 1952-53) In January 1998, a Canadian, Louise Fréchette, was appointed the first-ever UN Deputy Secretary-General.The San Francisco conference, 1945. Front row, left to right: Louis St. Laurent, W.L. Mackenzie King.The UN's basic purposes and its other underlying principles have guided Canadian foreign and defense policy since 1945. Over the past half-century, Canada has made a significant, constructive and sustained...

Find Another Essay On Formation of United Nations and Canada's Involvement.

Oil and Foreign Involvement in Arab Nations

1173 words - 5 pages fighting, the United States decided to send weapons to Israel, in order to oppose the Soviets. This region had many other conflicts that were deeply intertwined by other nations' support. In the first Persian Gulf War, the United States not only backed a Persian Gulf nation, but also committed troops and fought on their land. The first Persian Gulf War was the beginning of increased American support and troop involvement in the Middle East since

Role of the United Nations Essay

1963 words - 8 pages events when human. Even if an economically powerful state acts, it is significantly less effective than if many nations were to do the same, with the same terms, and the same goal. Economic sanctions in particular have a much higher chance of achieving the desired result if they are multilateral instead of stemming from a few, individual countries. Therefore, the facilitation of discussion is one of the most important things that the UN alone

United Nations Conference on Environment and Development

3473 words - 14 pages formation of Agenda 21, outlined at the United Nations Conference on Environment and Development held in Rio de Janeiro in 1992. More specifically, the analysis will examine the policy mechanism for implementation in local communities known as Local Agenda 21 and the role of the International Council for Local Environmental Initiatives (ICLEI). ISSUES The 1992 Earth Summit in Rio was just one of several international conferences on the

India and the United Nations Peacekeeping Operations

6677 words - 27 pages India and the United Nations Peacekeeping Operations Aishwarya V. Nair, 070701111 9/4/2010 Submitted to: Dr. Arvind Kumar, Professor of Geopolitics and International Relations Introduction to the Concept of United Nations PeacekeepingUnited Nations Peacekeeping is exclusive and vigorous instruments developed by the United Nations Organisation as a way to help countries torn by conflict create the conditions for lasting peace. The

United Nations Mission in Ethiopia and Eritrea

1102 words - 5 pages UNMEE in Ethiopia and Eritrea Akiko Toda 11100311 Word Count 998 Introduction In June 2000, after the two years of a border dispute, Ethiopia and Eritrea agreed on Cessation of Hostilities organised by Algeria and the Organization of African Unity (OAU). In July, the Security Council established the United Nations Mission in Ethiopia and Eritrea (UNMEE), and in September, UNMEE was authorised by the Council to ensure the observance of

The Purpose of the United Nations (UN)

1818 words - 8 pages The United Nations is an international organization founded in 1945 in order to promote international cooperation. The UN was founded by 51 nations and replaced the failed League of Nations after the Second World War. Its goals are to maintain international peace, foster friendly relations among nations and to promote social and economical progress. Since its establishment, the UN has grown to 193 total members, with only 3 nations that are

The Process of Reforming the United Nations

2410 words - 10 pages . Without a more impartial and inclusive international order, the UN is likely to remain muted in its ability to deal with and provide solutions for highly complex and difficult global issues.   Humanitarian assistance has been explicitly enshrined in United Nations thinking since its formation through Article 1, Paragraph 3 of the UN Charter (United Nations, 1945, p. 3). The UN was founded following the aftermath of the Second World War, one of the

The Process of Reforming the United Nations

2644 words - 11 pages issues. In order to highlight the challenges with humanitarian assistance, it is first important to understand that humanitarian assistance has been engraved into United Nations thinking since its formation. This can be seen as the UN was founded following the aftermath of the Second World War, which is now seen today as one of the worst global conflicts in recent history as the lives of millions were chaos and disorder (Reus-Smith, et al., 2004

The Security Council of the United Nations

2269 words - 9 pages The world is at a point where people have to question if they feel safe, and if they do, why they feel safe? The answers will vary, but more than likely, the United States, not the United Nations, will be the answer. The Security Council was made to keep peace among the world, and the concept of it was a great idea in theory. The world needs protection from the horrors of genocide, the death from terrorists, and the corruption of governments

Description of Harvard Model United Nations

1159 words - 5 pages opinion on this matter. I found international law is really ambiguous. Why is it legal for western countries to violate the law by having nuclear programs where in eastern countries is against the law to have nuclear weapon? Does United Nations applying the law? After the end of cold war, the most concerned issue and threats are not the number of countries that have nuclear warheads weapons. They are instead the lack of control over nuclear

The United Nations Conference on Trade and Development and the Establishment of the New Economic Order

2498 words - 10 pages international economies could come together to debate and exchange ideas and thought processes concerning their interdependency and involvement with one another. It is recognized as the main component of the General Assembly of the United Nations and it deals with trade, foreign investments and development issues (UNCTAD.org).UNCTAD can be interpreted through its three main functions. Firstly, it is a forum for intergovernmental deliberations. Secondly, it

Similar Essays

The United Nations’ Involvement In Bosnia

2332 words - 10 pages The formation of the United Nations in 1945 marked a monumental success in the international political realm. It was founded to foster relations with its member and non-member states, encourage the respect of human rights, and fight to solve social, economic, and humanitarian issues. However, of all of these motives, its foundation was based primarily on creating peace and preventing conflict between members. The idea of collective security in

League Of Nations And United Nations

945 words - 4 pages bypassed the UN and went on to invade Iraq with the reason that 'Iraq possesses weapons of mass destruction which threatens the security of the world' without any solid evidence. The United Nations Organization was created with the objective of ending all armed international conflicts by negotiations and peaceful conflict resolution. However it did nothing, even though there were oppositions from France, Germany and Russia. If the United Nations

The Formation Of Arab Nations Essay

2106 words - 8 pages The Formation of Arab Nations Much of the modern political Arab world was born at the end of World War I, as outside powers divided up their shares of territories that were loyal to their regimes. For example, Iraq, Jordan, Syria, and Lebanon came to exist along side the precarious state of Palestine. By World War II, these states had begun to want independence, and the following decades would witness revolution, regime change, violence, and

The Relations Of The United States And The United Nations

4987 words - 20 pages The Relations of the United States and the United Nations The history of the US’s relationship with the UN is complex, seeming to vacillate between warm cooperation and abject disdain as the national interests of the US and the rest of the world, and the short- and long-term interests of the US itself, align or oppose each other. The UN was originally the vision of US president Franklin Roosevelt and the product of US State Department