Gender Essay

936 words - 4 pages

Gender inequality is frequent in all institutions in the world. From media to family to religion and even education there are inequalities that either males or females deal with on a daily basis. The culture that we live in is one dominated by masculinity and in each of these institutions, women are the who struggle to reach an equal level of men. In academia, which is education at the college and university level women are strongly unequal to their male counterparts. They are found to have less jobs than men in academia, lower pay, and much more pressure upon them from their home lives. While women have made great strides in academia they are still not at a level to their male counterparts, but women will continue to grow and hopefully able to get to a equal part as their male professors.
Female professors in academia are growing every year but they are much lower than male professors. Right now the majority of people in college are women and they continue in graduating more frequently than men (Watson, 2004).The question becomes why do women not follow up with post-grad education and become professors? Graduate school is an extremely time consuming and the role that society puts on women greatly hinders their progress to the upper levels of academia. Women who do however graduate with their PhD’s and go to find work in academia find it a struggle between their lives at home and at work. Research was done looking at the percent of women and men who go on to achieve tenure track positions. There are many differet kinds of professors that teach in academia. There are part-time professors, adjuncts, tenure track, assistant professor, and associate professors. Women dominate the occupations of part-time professor or adjuncts in which the pay is lower for them (Kimmel, 2013). Goulden and Mason wanted to look at why women were not persueing tenture track positions and if their home life had anything to do with it. They found that “women were less lkely than men, regardless of marriage or the presence of children younger than six in the household to achieve tenure track” (Goulden & Mason, 2004, p. 91). While being married and having children do affect why women are found less likely in tenure track positions it was inconclusive to why women who did gain the position would leave before getting tenure.
A material inequality in academia like most professions is the gender pay gap that there is between both men and women. As Kimmel (2013) points out, “today, women at all ranks receive lower salaries than do men at the same rank, in the same field, in the same department” (p. 212). Women professors are earning less pay than their male...

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