Generally women’s incomes are lesser when compare to men in all socio-economic groups, and the disadvantages of this and the economic instability of women due to their short term and low paid employment tend to decrease women power to make decision on their income generation, how resources are been allocated and also how they make investment decisions in the home and this a very important for public health, also public health policy and practice is more particular about how power and capital are been circulated among men and women and often family revenue is not equally circulated and this is because typically men tend to get more income compare to women (Fritzell J. 1999), when there is no proper control of financial income among men and women and also power misuse it can leads to domestic violence and most often happen to women as compare to men (Sacker A. et al, 2000)
USING THEORY TO EXPLAIN GENDER INEQUALITY IN WORKPLACE
MATERIALIST/ STRUCTURAL THEORY;
Materialist theory explain that the role of women as mother and wife in the home prevent them from gaining more access to work and get more pay as their male counterpart, it also explain the work focuses more on raising the kids and looking after the home and men work focuses on the marketplace, and most women in workplaces often concentrate on low paying jobs than men and women sometimes give up their jobs because of the child care responsibility and their reproductive role while men economic role is in the public sphere. (Eitzen and Maxine 2000) 1984), Furthermore this type of theory explain that most women are found dominating female occupations, and this is because female access to male dominated occupation is restricted by some discriminating activities in the workplace for example, women are liable to get a more paying and advancement job if the person in with the discretional power in the organization is also a woman and this can be said that gender composition in occupation power may also influence gender inequality in occupation, fewer woman may be seen in male dominated occupation because their access to this type of occupation are been restricted by discrimination (Hannah B. 2004)
This theory point out the reason for gender inequality in workplace amid men and women, in this theory women are expected to be married and be main particular about giving birth, child care and therefore just few women contribution are needed in labour market career, also women family duties and the way women tend to rely on men as the breadwinner of the family limit women participation, furthermore family obligations create barrier for women’s productivity and in labour market and this is because women place more value to children compare to men.( Hannah B. 2004)
EVIDENCE FOR GENDER INEQUALITY IN WORKPLACE
Gender inequality in work may be due to different biological composition of both sexes, men are generally said to be taller, stronger and heavier than women, and men have much...