Gender Inequality According To Functionalist And Marxist Feminist Perspective

1043 words - 4 pages

Contrary to popular believe, gender is referred to the attitudes, behaviours and emotions linked with a specific sexual group. There are two dominant perspectives that illustrate two different viewpoints of gender inequality. The functionalist perspective, by Talcott Parsons, believed that both men and women possess specific qualities that make them excellent at specific events, and these qualities are not interchangeable (Brym, 2014). The Marxist-Feminist perspective; however, viewed qualities for men and women as to being dependent on social conditions rather than being inherited (2014). In order to further illustrate the presence of gender inequality in the present society; the film Missrepresentation, by Jennifer Newsom reveals the lack of female presence in lead or authoritative roles in media, in comparison to men (Newsom, 2011).
The film Missrepresentation, by Jennifer Newsom, is about the underrepresentation of women by the media (2011). The film challenges the viewpoints of media that are constantly depicting females as to being dependent on males. Furthermore, even when females are displayed as lead characters, the plot will ensure that their life’s will surround the life of a male. Examples of these include, a lead female falling in love with her “prince charming” as he saved her from great dangers. We rarely see a female character saving a male in the media (2011). According to the film the media continues to encourage the ideology that a women’s power is associated with her youth, beauty and sexuality, instead of her knowledge and intelligence (2011). The film also provides starling statistics, for instance by the age to 18 78% of females are unhappy with how the look. Also of the 8 million people with eating disorder 7 million are girls. The number of cosmetic surgeries has tripled from 1997 to 2007. In 2011 only 11% of females were protagonists in films. Only 5.8% of TV stations are owned by females (2011). These statistics continue to tilt in favour of males, as each day passes by.
The first of the two dominant perspectives is the functionalist perspective on gender. The functionalists including Talcott Parsons, an American sociologist, believe in the ideal nuclear family. The father in the family is suppose to work and be the income source for the household, whereas the mother is responsible for raising the children and managing the household (Brym, 2014). Thus according to this, males and females have a social conformity that is passed down from one generation to another. Moreover, masculinity is linked with instrumental traits and femininity is associated with expressive traits. For example, male should be strong, protective, dominant and providers where as females are sensitive, weak, dependant and focused on their appearance (2014). In the film, this is the dominant view of the media (Newsom, 2011). Shows like 2 and the half men that display women as recyclable objects or news anchors who are thought to be able to attract...

Find Another Essay On Gender Inequality According to Functionalist and Marxist Feminist Perspective

Examine Functionalist and Marxist explanations of the family

662 words - 3 pages Functionalists and Marxist diverse had views on the family. Functionalist theory asserts that there will be a specific pattern of family organisation corresponding to different types of society. Hence there is a particular family form that best suits the conditions of industrial society.The family described by modern functionalists is very much a description of the sort of families they might have been brought up within and formed them. This is

Feminist Theories and Gender Essay

711 words - 3 pages Contributions made in society by dominate women increased a loftier voice to the feminist theory. The feminist theory analyses the status quo of women and men in society using current and historical forbearances to better a women’s life. However, the metamorphoses between race, class, ethnicity, and age have a communal ground to gender. Feminist theories perspectives provide logical contrivances in which historical mediators examine the

The Functionalist and Marxist Views on the Purpose of Socialisation

2309 words - 9 pages The Functionalist and Marxist Views on the Purpose of Socialisation Functionalists and Marxists have very similar theories as to the socialisation process. I intend to show this and compare these similarities. There are many well-known functionalists but I am mainly focusing on the views of Talcott Parsons and Emile Durkheim in particular. There are many aspects of the socialisation process to cover both

Gender Differences and Inequality

748 words - 3 pages Tanaka’s paper aimed at discussing the issue of gender difference and possible inequality in the context of Japanese language under formal setting (Tanaka 2009). The objective of this essay is to find out whether Japanese language had changed over time on the aspect of different language strategies and methods adopted by different genders. Firstly, statistics of allocation of talks and times of interruptions were gathered from ten formal

Perspective of Education According to Great Minds

868 words - 4 pages “Manners to be Observed by Teachers and Students” is a volume of the book The Revival of Religious Learning written by Abū Ḥāmid Muhammad ibn Muhammad al-Ghazālī, best known as al-Ghazālī. On his argument, al-Ghazālī uses a focal point on eighteen duties that students and teachers should apply to school in order to improve education, ten for the students and eight for the teachers. In this passage, al-Ghazālī does not appear to use any logical

Gender Inequality and Family Structure

863 words - 4 pages Gender Inequality and Family Structure Gender is the oldest form of categorization among society. The problem is not that gender is a differentiating category, but that the female gender is exploited through both benevolent and hostile sexism that creates unequal conditions. Given the biology of males and females, physically and neurologically, it is not farfetched to assume that it is natural for men and women to have tendencies associated

To His Coy Mistress - A Feminist Perspective

765 words - 3 pages A Feminist Perspective of To His Coy Mistress   Andrew Marvell, a 17-century poetry writer, focuses on a subject that still baffles the readers' minds today, sex.  Marvell shows a world where women are seduced.   Women and men have focused on the issue of sex for centuries.  The most ironic thing that reader should notice while reading this poem is that even though they are in two different time settings, the same persuasions are used as

Sex Stereotypes and Gender Inequality

2414 words - 10 pages played a big part in the teachings of gender through the interpretations of the bible. Ministers were never females and decreed how people were to behave. The fact that Jesus was a man may have something to do with all of this inequality? Would the tables have been turned if Jesus were in fact a woman? I don't make this comment to be disrespectful to the church, but the bible is full of references to gender roles. Many of the females mentioned in

The feminist and Marxist interpretations of Alice's Adventures in Wonderland

1024 words - 4 pages Marxist readers since it reflects upon the role of women and social hierarchy that was present in the Victorian era. In the view of a feminist, one may interpret Alice’s character as a rebel, or a slave. Alice is perceived to be rebellious against the stereotypical women during the Victorian era, when women lacked freedom and rights. Her curiosity breaks free of the common woman into an ideal model, boldly opening themselves to society. Alice

Critically compare and contrast traditional marxist and functionalist perspectives on crime

2413 words - 10 pages Durkheim had failed to explain differences in power and he showed how crime sets boundaries but added that it only seemed to be in the interests of the powerful therefore making a connection between the Functionalist and Marxist perspective. However, Merton took Durkheim's theory of 'anomie' (a state of normlessness) and showed it to be too vague and made his own alteration to the concept to show how a dysfunction between 'goals and means'. This

Comparing the Marxist and Functionalist Views on the Role of Education in Industrial Society

1928 words - 8 pages Comparing the Marxist and Functionalist Views on the Role of Education in Industrial Society The functionalists and the Marxists both believe that the education system benefits everyone, but both have different views on society. The Marxist views of the education system are that there are conflicts because there is an inequality between the working class and the higher classes. They believe that there are two different

Similar Essays

Write A Sociological Essay With Regards To Crime And Deviance With A Functionalist Perspective Then Critique It With A Marxist View

1156 words - 5 pages The Marxist approach views society as a whole system that is in conflict. This conflict is between two opposing groups and steams from the contradictions in capitalism. These are the owners wanting to maximise profit whilst the workers want to increase wages. The infrastructure is industry and the most important part of society, therefore controlling the superstructure, everything that isn't industry. The ruling class own and control industry

Describe The Functionalist (Emile Durkheim), Conflict (Marxist) And Interactionist Approach To The Socialization Of Education

895 words - 4 pages Describe the Functionalist, Conflict and Interactionist approach to the Socialization of Education.Education - A Functionalist PerspectiveEmile Durkheim proposed an explicitly functionalist explanation of the role of education in society. The major function/task of education was, according to Durkheim, the transmission of society's norms and values. Durkheim considered that all societies must have means of passing on their norms and values to

Compare And Contrast Functionalist And Marxist Theories Of Stratification

1550 words - 6 pages not dependent on family background. The direct passing on of status would be an inherited title, position, wealth or power, with indirect examples being the advantages to children because of their family background. These could include language, education or occupation.The functionalist perspective is rooted in the work of Emile Durkheim (1858-1917) and gives the view of society as an organism in which each part functions in a certain way to

The Marxist And Functionalist Perspectives On The Family

1285 words - 5 pages family resembles the core feature of society. Both Marxist and Functionalist perspectives believe the family is what holds society together and helps socialise the future generations. There are three types of family existing in today’s society. The nuclear family resembles a family unit made up of no more than two generations, stereotyped as a mother, father and 2.4 children. The extended family refers to a family