Political Pragmitism: The American Civil War
It has lasted for over one hundred and thirty-nine years, a war that pitted brother against brother, a war caused by differing political interests, economies, and ways of life. Call it the American Civil War, War of the Rebellion, The War for States’ Rights, The War of Northern Aggression; all these names applied are proper in accordance to how one’s individual views reflect upon the perspectives others. This was a war of beliefs moreover, the political ideologies of slavery. While both Northerners and Southerners believed they fought against tyranny and oppression, Northerners focused on the oppression of slaves while Southerners defended their own right to self-government. All in all, the summation of the pro-slavery and antislavery conflicts, Compromise of 1820 and 1850, The Kansas-Nebraska Act, The Fugitive Slave Act, and the Election of 1860, are all of the important culminating causes of issues with slavery resulting in the crisis in political differences between the North and the South, thus initiating the spark of the Civil War to become ignited.
Slavery was at the root of economic, moral and political conflicts that led to control issues, states' rights and secession. For many years, the issue of slavery plagued the country, causing innumerable problems between North and South to arise in Congress. As Missouri applied for statehood in 1819, this was indefinitely the factor that initiated the beginning of the political consequences of slavery. According to the document, Missouri Admitted to Statehood, power within the congress between the northern and southern states was ultimately at stake, let alone the future of slavery. When Missouri wanted to enter the nation as a slave state, the North was concerned by the unbalance that it would cause within the Senate. As a means to appease the North, the House of Representatives passed the bill that acknowledged the state of Maine as a free state. The impact of this was essentially the leeway, as part of the compromise, slavery would be prohibited slavery inland north of the 36°30' parallel line.
Many may not know, however, Congressman James Tallmadge of New York proposed a ban on the importation of slaves into Missouri and the gradual emancipation of its black residents. (Murrin, 2012) He moved that no more slaves be brought into the new state. He also moved that all children born of slaves in Missouri after the state's admission should be free at the age of 25. Nonetheless, the representatives from the Southern States were alarmed at these proposals because Free-state members approved them. For three days the House excitedly debated the question then passed the amendment by a vote of 87 to 76. The debate continued to rage throughout the country.
Undoubtedly, the issue over the Missouri Compromise caused a political controversy within Congress. The reason the problem arose when it was suggested in Congress that slavery be restricted in Missouri...