Hallucinations In Macbeth Essay

1313 words - 5 pages

Guilt is a major emotion. It can affect many parts of one’s life or body. Most of the time people, who have the guilt, deserve it for something they’ve done wrong. It can lead to hallucinations or death. “Kings are not born: they are made by universal hallucination.” Hallucinations are a sensory experience of something that does not exist outside the mind, caused by various physical and mental disorders. In the tragedy Macbeth, there are many hallucinations and visions that affect the characters and change the play. Macbeth was written in 1606 by William Shakespeare. It’s about a man named Macbeth who is the tragic hero of the play. Macbeth and Banquo are walking and they are stopped by some witches who reveal a prophecy that Macbeth will one day be thane of Cawdor and king, and that Banquo’s son will one day be a king as well. So the first two prophecies come true, and the rest of the play is about how Macbeth will make sure the Banquo’s son will not be king, and how Macbeth will stay in power. A guilty conscience leads to many hallucinations and visions in this play. Once murder was committed there were usually a hallucination or vision, and many problems preceding them. The three most important showings of guilty conscience were the dagger, Banquo’s ghost, and sleepwalking of Lady Macbeth. They play an important role in the play and change the way the play unfolds.In the opening Act of the play the witches tell the prophecy of Macbeth and Banquo. Once the first part comes true, his wife Lady Macbeth will do anything to ensure the second part does as well. She suggests murdering the King now in order for her husband to become king. Macbeth feels guilt at first saying that the king has been loyal to him. He gives a soliloquy showing his emotions turning from his wife to the loyalty he had for his king. “First, as I am his kinsman and his subject, strong both against the deed; then, as hi host who should against his murderer shut the door, not bear the knife myself.” (Shakespeare 343) Macbeth tells of how Duncan is a good king, and how Macbeth is his host. It would be wrong to kill him. After the speech, though, Lady Macbeth enters, and is able to change her husband’s mind. Macbeth in early Acts is persuaded very easily by his wife, and is now going to kill the king in order to try and fulfill the prophecy. Once everybody is asleep Macbeth goes to murder the king, but he sees something. “Is this a dagger which I see before me, the handle toward my hand? Come, let me clutch thee!” (Shakespeare 349) Macbeth sees a dagger floating in air, and is unsure if it’s real or not. This shows the murder is getting to his head. He has his first hallucination and it leads him to the king’s room, where he then murders him. Once he kills him, he thinks her hears something called out. “Methought I heard a voice cry “Sleep no more. Macbeth does murder sleep.””(Macbeth...

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