Has Industrial Automation Had A Positive Economic Effect?

1942 words - 8 pages

In this modern society, industrial manufacturing has started the transitions from human labors to automation, especially in developed countries such as Japan, Germany, China and the United States. The usage of robots in technology and industry are common now. According to Rotman, due to the industrial automation in the United States and China, there has been a decline in the number of human labour in the industry today as compared to the 1997 (Rotman, 2013). Japan is the leading country that produces and uses robots the most, followed by Germany and some European countries. Sittig said that as of today Japan holds control of no less than 40% of the robot population worldwide and $50 million has been invested on the development of the technology (Sittig) SINCE WHEN?. Guizzo stated that 8.6 million robots are registered by 2008 (Guizzo, 2010). It is necessary for modern production system to solve the high amount of orders and quantity demanded problems by applying automation. Moreover, automation could perform a delicate task with inconsiderable amount of error but the case is not always to show solving and showing a technological sophistication (Wickens, 2004). Union leaders claim automation causes mass unemployment while businessmen said it is one of the ways to remain competitive (Rose, 1965). Robots are able to perform and do tasks that human cannot do, or impossible to do. There are several advantages for using automation such as; saving costs, increase productivity and increase workers’ safety in the workplace. While reducing employment, hurt small businesses and less flexibility are the negative effects of automation. Jason Dorrier stressed questions; "are machines really replacing humans’ faster now than in the early 19th or 20th century; and are workers really falling behind at a greater rate?" According to Moshe Vardi, a computer science professor at Rice University, “it’s reasonable to believe intelligent machines may one day replace human workers almost entirely and in the process put millions out of work permanently.” This essay will argue whether industrial automation had a positive economic effect or not.
The first benefit of automation is the reduction of costs. A shift to industrial automation from using unskilled labors to produce goods results in lower production costs (Lene Kromann). For instance, countries like Japan and Germany rely heavily on automation to suppress the limited and expensive labor cost. Moreover, labor’s salary is considered to be the most expensive part of the production system (CITATION). Since the total cost of the labors are not only salaries, but also insurance, vacations, turnover and the costs to recruit or retrain the replacement workers, these calculations might make the owners to think that robots are cheaper and do not need all those things. Every year, robots become cheaper and cheaper compare to labors where they demand higher wages from time to time. According to a research by United Nations...

Find Another Essay On Has industrial automation had a positive economic effect?

Discuss the positive and negative social and economic consequences of the Industrial Revolution in Europe

606 words - 2 pages The industrial revolution had a great impact on Europe, especially when it comes to social and economic aspects, since they underwent a great change during the period. Still, whether the industrial revolution was positive or negative as a whole depends on if you focus on either of these two aspects. Optimists will say that it was good, and they'll focus on the favourable consequences on economy. Pessimists, however, will focus on social aspects

non-native species has had this effect on Australian native plants and animals

1139 words - 5 pages was not helpful to health (Newcombe, 2003). The function of visual accommodation has not developed fully for children. It is difficult for children to make accommodation or adaptation when they are faced with strong light. However, due to children's preference to strong visual effect, their eye sight must be affected to some extent. Secondly, as a result of the obsession with watching TV, children show little interest in reading. Reading was

The Information Superhighway: Tells about the positive and negative effects that the information superhighway (internet) has had on society

802 words - 3 pages The Information SuperhighwayWhile the information super highway has had an effect on society, all is not positive and toward a goal of the growth to society. Corporations may experience a growth in profits by selling goods via Internet and increase these profits by the reduction in work force. This reduction in workforce, however, reduces the quantity of available purchasers, having a negative economic effect on society. In addition to the

Which invention has had the greatest effect on our lives in the last two hundred years? Give reasons for your answers

939 words - 4 pages Davidson cycles collectors, Chevrolet fans and lots more. Because of those reasons the automobile is a piece of people's lives that affects them directly with a lot of reasons.In conclusion the automobile has had the greatest effect on people's lives because it become a piece of their life with its usage and effects. It is the invention that gave man freedom of traveling wherever he wants, it changed his life and it is a necessity of life for him. In

"Goodnight Mr Tom" by Michelle Magorian - Character study of William's mother and the effect her character has had upon her son

538 words - 2 pages with. This led us to understand that all the injuries Willie had, had been caused by the regularly beats of his mother. Moreover by her abuses, Willie had become a timid unconfident child, but thanks to Mr Tom he changes to become a cheerful, talented child.When he has to go back to London because his mother is ill, he is hopeful she will be nice with him and will be proud that he has learned to write and read and will definitely love his drawing

Why the Stock Market Crashed, the effect this had on the American People and how it affected the economic structure of the United States

690 words - 3 pages their prices, and so forth. The overproduction also brought less interest from the European market, which further degraded jobs and business profits. A key figure during this time was Secretary of the treasury Andrew W. Mellon who believed in the dropdown economic effect, and wanted to stimulate the economy. Him and president Hoover, both tried to pass certain bills, to help revive the economy but it was too little too late.

Essay The French have had a great a great effect

566 words - 2 pages government operates free public schools and requires children from the age of 7- 19 to attend. A majority of the people are farmers and raise crops to feed their family and for export. Guinea officially became an independent country on October 2 1958. It now had strong economic ties with France.France has ruled many countries. They enriched those countries' traditions and beliefs. Those countries vary, such as North America, South America, Africa, and many more. They have been in wars to expand its colony. They are depended upon their departments for money to support their government. The French language is used internationally to communicate by countless people.

Diagnostic Essay         The Award winning musical Rent has had a

716 words - 3 pages Diagnostic Essay The Award winning musical Rent has had a positive emotional effect on me since attending the show in 1997. It has an effect on my outlook on life, my outlook on and acceptance of others, and my future career goals. This piece of art has inspired me in many ways and has had a tremendous positive emotional effect on me. The musical Rent is about a group of artists (actors, filmmakers, and singers) living in the East

Which product has had a greater impact in history

684 words - 3 pages hard to imagine that the drinks we know of today, were the foundation and building blocks of the history that has been engraved in us. As to which beverage has had a greater impact in history, it is a matter of the extent to which each particular drink has contributed to influencing, not just people, but the course of history. Not diminishing the impact of the other beverages, but coffee has had a greater impact in history over tea and the other

Participation in Sport Has a Positive Impact on Academic Performance

1038 words - 4 pages ESSAY PARTICIPATION IN SPORT HAS A POSITIVE IMPACT ON ONES ACDEMIC PERFORMANCE   TABLE OF CONTENT 1. INTRODUCTION 2. (I)ADVANTAGES (ii)DISADVANTAGES 3. EVALUATION 4. CONCLUSION   Introduction Did you know that, boxing legend Rocky Marciano invented the fax machine? an athletic activity requiring skill or physical prowess and often of a competitive nature, as racing,baseball, tennis, golf, bowling, wrestling, boxing, hunting, fishing, etc

This is a paper about the Industrial Revolution's positive and negative effects

665 words - 3 pages The Industrial Revolution is possibly the greatest revolution ever expensed by the world, greater than the American and French revolutions, and quite possibly greater than the agricultural revolution. While the Revolution has forever changed the way we live and view things, it is not known to many people just how great an impact it has had. There are many positive aspects that is true, but like anything, with the positive come the negative as

Similar Essays

European Colonisation Has Had A Devastating Effect On Indigenous Culture In Australia. Do You Agree?

803 words - 4 pages affected by these diseases, additionally their own traditional medicine and treatments were depreciated by the colonialists and did not work well on the ‘new’ diseases causing indirectly an interruption in their culture. Another relevant effect in the Indigenous Australian culture has a close relationship with the dark episode of the Australian history known as ‘the Stolen Generations’. This episode took place during the last century and refers

Non Native Species Has Had This Effect On Australian

1139 words - 5 pages was not helpful to health (Newcombe, 2003). The function of visual accommodation has not developed fully for children. It is difficult for children to make accommodation or adaptation when they are faced with strong light. However, due to children's preference to strong visual effect, their eye sight must be affected to some extent. Secondly, as a result of the obsession with watching TV, children show little interest in reading. Reading was

Two Individuals: What Changes They Brought About And Whether Or Not These Changes Had A Positive Or Negative Effect On That Nation Or Region

695 words - 3 pages -up of class antagonism, which later lead to Pugachev's Rebellion. In this rebellion, lead by Emel'ian Pugachev, Pugachev promised the end of serfdom, and taxation. The result of this rebellion was that Catherine the Great made the institution of serfdom stronger then it had ever been before by raising the power of the landowners and further oppressing the serfs. Catherine the Great's goal of a more liberal government failed as a result of this

Ecstasy Has Had Many Immediate Effect, Long Term Effect, Symptoms, And Different Names

801 words - 3 pages named Ecstasy. This drug has many immediate effect, long term effect, symptoms, and different names.Since Ecstasy helps speed up the functions of the central nervous system it is classified as a stimulant. It is also able to cause hallucinations so it is classified as a hallucinogen. Another class it is known, as is a designer drug. A designer drug is when a drug is assembled by changing the molecular structure of an already existing drug or drugs