Describe medieval chivalry. What were the virtues associated with chivalry? What role did women play in the chivalric society?
Chivalry is a system with principles and customs for people that are training to become a knight. In the medieval days they lived up to the code that many knights highly rated as a valuable way to live by. In ancient Rome they praised battle tactics as well as literature and other type of art. There was nothing more important to the knights than honouring, serving and always displaying the courage to fight for their respected sides. In the later middle ages, wealthy merchants strove to adopt chivalric attitudes - the sons of the bourgeoisie were educated at aristocratic courts where they were trained in the manners of the knightly class. This type of behaviour created noble men and was the result of what people now refer as gentlemen. Being a gentleman meant you respected women, followed the code and showed humility. Religion had a big part to do with influencing the knights and the way they began to think. Women were seen as evil and witchcraft doers in medieval times and it was thanks to the Virgin Mary that most people didn’t think of them as lesser creatures. They still had to tend to children and please their husbands, but other than that they had no part in owning or sharing wealth with their men counterparts.
Essay | 20.00pts
How did Francis of Assisi revolutionize monasticism in medieval Italy?
Francis of Assisi known as Giovanni Bernardone, son of a wealthy merchant. In his youth he was known to be carefree without thinking much of the future. Monasticism was a way of religious life that encourages poverty, seeking charity help to exist in such a world. Francis had an epiphany and so decided to leave his former wealth by taking for himself a life of poverty. He did not distance himself from his community, although he preferred to just stay barely in touch, instead he always preached and whatever he had he gave to the poor. These kind acts taught him discipline and he knew in order to stay disciplined he had to live the life of a poor fellow. Later he decided to bring in recruits and soon after Pope Innocent III decided to grant St. Francis authorization to begin an order of his beliefs. Francis knew that when things grow and become powerful that they won’t be as humbled as they used to be so instead of making that happen he ordered his followers to not be able to own anything. Francis led a revolution that in order to feel the same pain that poor people suffer one must walk on the same path as they do.
Essay | 20.00pts
What were the social and cultural responses to the Black Death?
The Black Death arrived in Europe by water in October 1347 through trading ships. It starts like flu-like symptoms which rapidly turn into a horrifying experience to those who have it. The Black Death is very contagious and whoever got it was covered with black coloured boils and blood oozing out. The plague was...