How Philosophical, Religious Or Cultural Ideas Legitimate The Class And Gender Inequalities Of Classical Civilization?

1211 words - 5 pages

Classical civilization and systems borrowed from religious and cultural ideas as a way of legitimating gender and class inequality. During the classical ear of civilization, most of the cultural beliefs were inherent reflections of the religious beliefs enshrined in the doctrines of either Christianity or Islam (Strayer, 2012).
For instance, Christianity formed a basis of developing inherent beliefs during the antiquity, especially the period preceding the collapse of the Roman Empire. Christian beliefs always portrayed women as lesser mortals than men. This followed the infamous belief on mandatory subordination for women, especially after marriage. Christianity demands that women should respect, and remain subordinate to their husbands .
In fact, the Christina doctrine relates to the male as being a representative of God in households. By virtue of leading the family, then men act representatives of God. Therefore, classical civilization systems that borrowed from Christianity would restrict the roles of women. As such, gender inequality became justified through the Christian doctrines.
Similarly, the Islamic religion disempowers women by creating specific roles for them. Islam considers women as mere tools for propagation of life with the ability to bring forth a child being attributed to the man. Women were to swathe their heads as a means of subordination to the males. This brought about inferiority and superiority complex among women and men, with marginalization of women. Islamic regions, especially during the antiquity, restricted the roles of women to cooking and procreation. Men would assume leadership positions. The cultural beliefs became a mirror of the Islamic doctrines. Therefore, any person deviating from the beliefs would receive heavy judgment.
The development of cultural beliefs based on religious practices would demonize the women, thereby, making them inferior. In fact, women could not be promiscuous while men would marry more than one woman. These draconian cultural beliefs borrowed from religious practices served to increase gender inequality. Religious beliefs and ideals justified gender inequality in classical civilization. A vivid example was the Christian belief of stoning women found promiscuous.
Religious and cultural ideals also served to justify class inequality. For instance, the Islamic culture believed in slavery as a way of life. Similarly, the classical Christian civilization also believed in slavery. As such, class stratification with accumulation of wealth would often isolate peasants, slaves and their masters.
The Christian doctrine focuses on the treatment of slaves by their master. In fact, Christianity urged the slaves to remain subordinate to their masters, and act diligently. Similarly, Islamic extremists believe in enslaving any person that does not convert.
In classical civilization, religion played a significant role in influencing the culture of people. If the class inequality and gender...

Find Another Essay On How philosophical, religious or cultural ideas legitimate the class and gender inequalities of classical civilization?

The Inequalities of the Social Class in the United States and How to Improve It

1628 words - 7 pages practices, and culturally through norms and values. Like other forms of oppression and prejudice, it is the tendency to make sweeping generalizations or stereotypes about people, such as “Poor people are lazy.”(Class Action) This essay will assess the determination of social classes in the United States and will seek to provide examples to demonstrate the inequalities and provide ways to improve them. Education has a huge in factor as to what

The meaning of social class and how it interacts with age, gender and Race

2213 words - 9 pages What is social class? How, in your opinion and based on the materials, does childhood experience affect the social class of adults? How does social class interact with age, gender and race?Each society is made up of social layers, usually called social classes, with each layer having a different degree of access to goods or status. In the Western societies, (where I was born) the social class of a given family is most often defined in terms of

Consider how "Still I Rise" and "Warning" Explore Ideas of Freedom or the Lack of it

848 words - 3 pages different line lengths which disrupts the flow of the poem and makes the reader feel awkward.In conclusion, I believe that both poems explore ideas of oppression. "Still I Rise" is about a woman that is currently being oppressed but is very strong willed and just rises above it. "Warning" is about a woman thinking of what she will be like when she is older and how she will conform to stereotypes. The two poems differ, in the fact that in "Still I Rise", the woman wants to break the stereotypes, and oppression. However, in "Warning" the woman would much rather conform to the stereotypes, even though she does not want to.

Explain how the managerial ideas of Taylor and Fayol differ from Mayo. Assess the relevance of Classical Management theorists to the management of contemporary organisations

1310 words - 5 pages is still in use to some degree, however, workers are now considered to know best how to do their own job and are encouraged to think for themselves.Fayol's ideas about central planning set the basis for many modern management techniques, such as Management by Objectives and PPBS. However, motivation is considered a key element in modern management.A third approach to Classical Management is the Bureaucratic approach of M Weber. The hierarchically

Psychological, Philosophical and Religious Elements of Heart of Darkness

900 words - 4 pages Psychological, Philosophical and Religious Elements of Heart of Darkness      Heart of Darkness is a kind of little world unto itself.  The reader of Conrad’s Heart of Darkness should take the time to consider this work from a psychological point of view. There are, after all, an awful lot of heads and skulls in the book, and Conrad goes out of his way to suggest that in some sense Marlow's journey is like a dream or a return to our

Bederman´s Book Manliness and Civilization and the Ideas of B. Wells

1247 words - 5 pages points how whites wove together manliness and racial violence; how Wells got involved in lynching brutality; how she inverts the civilization discourse; her two tours to Britain and there results; and how the ideas of the natural man and the primitive man changed Wells’ proposals. Works Cited Bederman, G. (1995). Manliness & civilization: A Cultural History of Gender and Race in the United States, 1880-1917. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.

the legal protection of religious and cultural practices

779 words - 4 pages people in the protection and responsibilities of United States law. Unfortunately though, authorities saw Native beliefs and rituals as “savage or primitive obstructions” to religious and cultural integration (Brown, 2003). Between 1887 and 1934, agents from the Bureau of Indian Affairs as well as Christian missionaries were given discretionary authority on any reservation. Although most violations of religious freedom did not require Congressional

Cultural Disparities and Racial Inequalities

2453 words - 10 pages hadn’t realized how much I was treated differently until I experienced life as a “thin” woman. The way I am treated as a thin person in comparison to a heavy woman is much different. I am not saying that it is in any way like that of a person who is of a different race or culture but it gave some idea of how one must feel to be discriminated against. And even though it has been 10 years since I lost the weight I am still paranoid about gaining the

Gender Inequalities, Past and Present

1720 words - 7 pages to the present day to see if things have improved or deteriorated in modern society. Before looking into the concepts of gender inequalities, we must first explore gender itself which is the division into two groups - men and women. In sociological terms, it has been pointed out by transgender activist Leslie Feinberg that: ‘gender is a key factor that shapes social behaviour and social institutions.’ and ‘gender is ‘understood

Gender Inequalities: Yesterday and Today

2098 words - 8 pages , Chikkaiah Naicker College, Erode, Tamil Nadu, has identified the key reasons why women have been discriminated against: educational backwardness, caste, religious beliefs, culture, in the name of family history, customs and beliefs, races, low income, unemployment, society, family situation, and attitudes. “Sex class is so deep so as to be invisible. Or it may appear as a superficial inequality, one that can be solved by merely a few reforms

Gender Inequalities in the Workplace

2062 words - 8 pages inequality or gender discrimination is illegal. Gender inequality did not only start in the workplace. It began before that. In history women were always expected to be the ones at home taking care of children, while the men were the breadwinners of the family. People hear about this and how it was in Shakespeare’s time and even in other different cultures. Due to women earning rights, fighting hard for them and the change our society has taken, one

Similar Essays

Exploration Of Religious And Philosophical Ideas In Ulysses

793 words - 3 pages Exploration of Religious and Philosophical Ideas in Ulysses Both 'Ulysses' and 'God's Grandeur' explore the themes of religion and philosophy in depth. Hopkins' 'God's Grandeur' is perhaps the more religious, and Tennyson's 'Ulysses' the more philosophical. Beginning with the former, the concept of 'God' is obviously a universally recognised figure of supreme leadership, albeit interpreted in different ways by the

Class, Racial And Gender Inequalities In Uk

1106 words - 4 pages pertinent issues for our understanding of inequalities in society. First, one of the core characteristics of a social division (such as gender, class, race, sexuality, and so on) is that it is socially constructed, not natural, and as a result can vary over time and across societies. Second is the growing acknowledgment that different social divisions overlap, so it is vital to see how they work together in specific, and different, combinations (see the

To What Extent Does Difference In Gender, Ethnicity And Class Influence Health Inequalities?

2801 words - 12 pages smoking. too there are large differences in health between ethnicities, such as the way minorities are alienated by the health system. Gender is too something which can have an impact on health inequalities. Though everyone can feel the effects of ill health, this is something which is more likely to impact certain groups, especially those whom are less privileged. Structural inequalities within in our society mean that class, ethnicity and gender

Final Project: A Film On Homeless Women. How To Create A Film About Homeless Women. Ideas For The Film. Cultural Anthropology Class

2898 words - 12 pages homeless people or the floating population in China.A very important thing we have to count for is how we are going to be accepted in their community. Great examples of this can be seen in the book of Carol Stack's "All our Kin", the film SHAHIRA's "Nomads of the Sahara" and Eliot Liebow's book "Tell them who I am" where the three ethnographers blended with the people they were trying to help. They lived with them and became part of their community. We